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曲阜夫子学校高三11月质量检测英语试题 附答案           ★★★
曲阜夫子学校高三11月质量检测英语试题 附答案
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2018/12/3 15:54:07

曲阜夫子学校高三11月质量检测
英语试题                  2018-11-9
第I卷  共100分 80小题
 第一部分:听力(共两节,满分20分)
第一节(共5 小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
1. Where did the woman probably leave her hat?
A. In a restaurant.   B. In a car.   C. In a shop.
2. What is the time right now?
A. 7:15.   B. 9:15.  C. 11:15.
3. What are the speakers discussing?
A. Whether to go to France.       B. What to do in France.      C. How to go to France.
4. Why is the girl upset?
A. Her family is about to move.    B. Her mother is out of work.    C. She has no friends now.
5. What was the weather like in the Lake District on their holiday?
A. Snowy.  B. Sunny. C. Rainy.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
 6. How long has the man played the guitar?
A. 8 years.   B. 9 years.  C. 17 years.
7. What instrument does the man think is the most difficult to play?
A. The piano.   B. The guitar.   C. The drum.
听第 7 段材料,回答第 8至10 题。
8. What did the woman do last winter?
A. She taught a class.  B. She changed a job. C. She took a lecture.
9. Why is the man happy?
A. He can give lectures after retirement.
B. He has retired and begins to learn computer.
C. He can communicate with his grandchildren online.
10. What is the woman’s regular job?
A. A librarian.  B. A salesperson. C. A lecturer.
听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 13 题。
11. What is the relationship between the speakers?
A. Colleagues.  B. Roommates. C. Schoolmates.
12. What does the man advise the woman to do?
A. Move her house.  B. Go to work together. C. Confirm the appointment.
13. How do the speakers like Ms. Gomez?
A. Friendly.  B. Punctual. C. Popular.
听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至 17 题。
14. When is the woman supposed to finish her essay?
A. By this Saturday.    B. By next Monday. C. By next Friday.
15. Why is the woman behind with her writing class?
A. She was ill.            B. The course is too difficult.    C. She is busy with her reading task.
16. What does the man think of his college life?
A. Busy.   B. Boring. C. Colourful.
17. What is the woman probably going to do on the 28th?
A. Visit an exhibition.  B. Attend a party. C. Watch a play.
听第 10 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题。
18. What can be seen in Woodhill Shelter?
A. Wild animals.  B. Sea creatures. C. Farm animals.
19. What do we know about the shelter?
A. It offers free plant-based diet.  
B. It has won wide recognition
C. Its workers are poorly paid.
20. What is advised to do to be a volunteer of the shelter?
 A. Make a call.  B. Sign up online. C. Post a form.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)
第一节(共 15 题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)
   阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)
    A
About aspirin:
Aspirin is a commonly used drug which can be taken to relieve discomfort caused by numerous medical problems including headaches, toothache, inflammation and infections. It is also suitable to treat colds and flu-like symptoms, and to reduce a high temperature.
Who can take aspirin?
Adults and children over 16 years of age.
Who should not take aspirin?
 Women who are pregnant, or plan to become pregnant. Aspirin may harm your unborn baby.
 Women who are breast-feeding. Aspirin can pass into your breast milk and may harm your baby.
 People who have any problems with the way the liver works or with the way the kidneys work.
How to take aspirin:
Take aspirin after meals, with a full glass of water or milk.
 The recommended dose (剂量) ranges from two to threetablets at a time. Never take more than 4g 12 tablets) in any 24 -hour period.
 You must not take these tablets with any other medicine which contains any aspirin or painkiller.
How to store aspirin:
 Keep all medicines out of the reach and sight of children.
 Store aspirin in a cool, dry place, away from direct heat and light.
 Do not put aspirin in the bathroom because the dampness there can cause it to lose its effectiveness.
 Throw away aspirin that smells strongly of vinegar.
Possible side effects:
 Feeling sick, increased risk of bleeding, stomach pain, indigestion and heartburn are common. If these effects continue, contact your doctor.
 Ringing in the ears, difficulty breathing, dizziness, and mental confusion are rare. If these occur, stop taking the drug and contact your doctor for further advice.
21. In which case will you take aspirin according to the text?
A. Stomachache.    B. Fever.     C.  Breathlessness.   D. Nosebleed.
22. How many times can you take aspirin at most in a day?
A. 6.     B. 5.      C. 4.     D. 3.
23. What type of writing is this text?
A. A hospital announcement.      B. A medical report.
C. A doctor’s suggestions list.     D. Medical instructions.
B
 For years, my time spent in the shower could have got me a mention in Guinness World Records as the shortest time taken to bathe. I hurried up during this process.
One day, however, while at a party, I heard an artist friend telling everybody that his idea came while he was having a shower. “What about you?” he asked, “Don’t you get your creative thoughts from the same place?”
“I’m in and out in a hurry,” I told him proudly. “I have no time to waste!”
“What a pity,” he said. “That’s the place where you need to slow down; plenty of great thoughts come from there!” I tried it out. I slowed down the whole process, started enjoying the warm water, taking a little longer to soap myself and even spending more time just enjoying the process, and realized how much I had missed in hurrying up all these years.
A woman told me how much stress her friend was suffering from and how she sought to convince her that she needed to find ways to relax. She gave her a videotape on stress management and relaxation techniques, and encouraged her to watch it right away. Fifteen minutes later, her friend handed back the tape. “It was good,” she said, but I don’t need it.”
 “But it’s a 70 - minute video,” the woman replied, “You couldn’t have watched the whole thing.”
 “Yes, I did,” her friend said. “I put it in fast - forward!”
A major social problem of the 21st century is Hurry Sickness. We hurry through work. We swallow fast food. We complain that we don’t have enough time. We race through the days and weeks until one day we look back in amazement and comment, “My god, how the years flew by!” Then we realize the heavy price we have paid for traveling fast.
Symptoms of Hurry Sickness include stress and anxiety, bad relationships, lowered work performance and even disease. Some people don’t survive it. What’s the cure? Slow down, for life is so short and precious that we must live it well.
24. What was the advantage of taking a shower in the eyes of the artist friend?
A. Time was saved.           B. Nothing was missed.
C. Great ideas flew away.      D. Creative thoughts came.
25. What was the trouble with the woman’s friend?
A. She felt stressed.           B. She found the tape useless.
C. She found no way to relax.    D. She watched the tape too fast.
26. What are the major trouble people face in the 21st century in the writer’s eyes?
A. People run fast to work.        B. Everything is done in a hurry.
C. People don’t have enough time.  D. Time flies without being noticed.
27. How can the problem be settled?
A. By pacing down.           B. By learning to survive.
C. By developing friendship.    D. By performing good work.
C
China will give the green light to Internet medical services conducted by medical institutions as part of a broader push to promote Internet Plus Healthcare, those at a State Council executive meeting chaired by Premier Li Keqiang decided.
    Medical institutions will be allowed to provide online diagnostic services for some common and chronic diseases in patients' follow-up visits to their doctors. The top levels of hospitals will be encouraged to provide online services, including consultations (会诊), reservations and test result inquiries.
    As China joins the ranks of middle-income countries, the demand for health services has increased accordingly. Internet Plus Healthcare can help reduce the problem of inaccessible and expensive public health services that have long been a big concern for the general public.
    One decision coming out of the meeting says the intelligent review for health insurance will be applied and the one-stop settlement will be advanced. The real-time sharing of prescription and drug retail sales will be explored, as well.
    “We must waste no time in pushing forward the measures once the decisions made.” Li said. “In recent years, top-level hospitals in major cities have seen steady increases in the number of patients. Medical bills have become a heavy burden on families and high-end medical resources still fall short of meeting the growing demand of the public.”
    To solve the problem, a two-pronged (双管齐下的) approach must be taken. One is to establish medical partnerships to strengthen cooperation between major hospitals and community clinics. The other is to bring forward Internet Plus Healthcare to promote the sharing of quality medical resources.
    The government will see to it that long-distance healthcare services cover all county-level hospitals. So more efforts will be made to ensure that high-speed broadband network will be extended to cover medical institutions in urban and rural areas. Dedicated internet access services will be set up to meet the needs for long-distance healthcare services.   
28.According to the text, which of the following services won’t a patient enjoy online?           
A. Receiving a medical operation.
B. Asking doctors for advice after the test.
C. Several doctors discussion about the disease.
D. Making an appointment with a doctor in advance.
29.Why is the demand for health services increasing in China?           
A. The expense of medical care.[
B. The recognition of health insurance.
C. The improvement of people's life quality.
D. The inconvenience of hospital equipment.
30.What does Li mean by saying “We must waste no time in pushing forward the measures”?           
A. The bills are impossible to afford.
B. The situations are urgent to improve.
C. The measures are perfectly worked out,
D. The hospitals are unwilling to admit patients.
31.What can be the suitable title for the text?
A. Modern Hospitals
B. Online Healthcare on its Way
C. No More Burden for General People
D. Wide Applications of Internet Service
D
We take it for granted that with memory we can remember most of things which happened in our life. But it is difficult to imagine what life would be like without memory. The meanings of thousands of everyday perceptions (感知), the basis for the decisions we make, and the roots of our habits and skills are to be found in our past experiences, which are brought into the present by memory.
Memory can be defined as the ability to keep information available for later use. It not only includes “remembering” things like arithmetic (算术) or historical facts, but also involves any change in the way one typically behaves. Memory is involved when a rat gives up eating grain because he has sniffed something suspicious in the grain pile.
Memory exists not only in humans and animals but also in some physical objects and machines. Computers, for example, contain devices for storing data for later use. It is interesting to compare the memory storage capacity of a computer with that of a human being. The instant access memory of a large computer may hold up to 100,000 “words” - strings of alphabetic or numerical characters - ready for instant use. An average U.S. teenager probably recognizes the meaning of about 1,000,000 words of English. However, this is but a part of the total amount of information that the teenager has stored. Consider, for example, the number of faces and places that the teenager can recognize on sight.
The use of words is the basis of the advanced problem solving intelligence of human beings. Words and combinations of words are a large part of a person’s memory. But while language greatly expands the number and the kind of things a person can remember, it also requires a huge memory capacity. It may well be this capacity that distinguishes humans, setting them apart from other animals.
32. What can we know about memory?
A. It helps us perceive things happening around us every day.
B. It’s based on the decisions we made in the past.
C. It’s rooted in our past habits and skills.
D. It connects our past experiences with the present.
33. Which statement might the author NOT agree with about memory?
A. It involves a change in one’s behavior.     B. It keeps information for later use.
C. It warns people not to do things repeatedly. D. It enables one to remember past events.
34. What is the major characteristic of man’s memory capacity?
A. It can be expanded by language.         B. It can remember all the combined words.
C. It may keep all the information in the past. D. It may change what has been stored in it.
35. What makes human beings different from other animals?
A. The ability to perceive danger.         B. A far greater memory capacity.
C. The use of past experiences.           D. The ability to recognize faces and places on sight.
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
It’s nice being nice to others; it’s also great to give people a hand. However, if you start to hurt yourself by doing so, then this is not so healthy.  36   If you fear that you might fall into this category, the following tips will help you to stand up for yourself and regain your self-confidence.
  37 
  Although you may often stay silent if something is wrong or bothers you, it is better to speak your mind right away. You don’t have to be rude, but you do have to be firm and direct. Don’t do things for others if you don’t really want to. Speak up, and soon others will be seeing you in a whole new light.
Start small.
      38   This will allow you to practice being brave and self-confident. Tell a person who has cut in line in front of you to move to the back of the line, or tell a salesperson to do that. Before long, you will be confident enough to stand up to your friends and family member.
Judge well.
When dealing with others, you have to exercise good judgment.   39   If a colleague isn’t doing his part, you should rightfully demand that he start doing so. However, if a taxi cuts you off in traffic, just let it go.
  40   Rome wasn’t built in a day. If you want to get back again after having been a pushover (耳软心活的人), it’s best to take one step at a time.
    A. Express yourself.
 B. Regain your confidence.
    C. Start by speaking up for yourself with strangers.
 D. Everyone has the right to live without being judged.
 E. If you slip back into the pushover mode every once in a while, don’t blame yourself.
    F. Sadly, some people are so easily pushed around that they come to be seen as pushovers.
    G. It’s one thing to be confident, but quite another to forcefully say no to an unreasonable request.
第三部分  语言知识运用(共两节,满分55分)
第一节:(共40小题;每题1分,满分40分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
                                   A
A student at Hellesdon High School in England has been called “Trash Girl" by bullies (欺凌者) for her environmentally-friendly ways.  41 , that has not stopped her from cleaning up the environment.
Using the basket on her bicycle, 12-year-old Nadia has been  42  trash along her two mile route to and  43 school since September of last year.  44  her good intentions, some of the kids at Nadia's school have nicknamed her "Trash Girl” and have bullied her for her selfless efforts to help the  45 .
But instead of letting them bring her down, she's using their  46  as motivation.
“I’m not going to  47  doing the right thing because of them, ” she said. "I'm doing something to  48  the world which they also live in. It's everyone's job. We are all  49  for keeping this world safe, instead of  50  it’s always someone else’s job.”
Nadia's mom, Paula, said she is  51  proud of Nadia for not only standing up to her bullies, but also standing up for what she believes in. "I told her she had two  52  — she could either stop collecting rubbish, stop drawing their  53  so that they would leave her alone, or she could face the challenge, be the "trash girl" and keep her  54.”
As a result of the local  55  attention, Nadia has created a Facebook group named  “Team Trash Girl”, 56   she shares updates on her green efforts. Positive  57  have poured in, all in  58  of Nadia, encouraging her to carry on with the green effort.
"Sweetheart, you are a star that  59  really bright above the rest. Hold your head high and never let others  60  your uniqueness. You are doing something selfless and amazing. Shame on the bullies." wrote one of the local citizens on her Facebook page.
41. A. Therefore  B. However   C. Besides   D. Meanwhile
42. A. picking up   B. taking off   C. giving away  D. leaving behind
43. A. in       B. at     C. from    D. off
44. A. Without   B. Despite   C. Due to    D. Thanks to
45. A. disabled  B. homeless   C. business   D. planet
46. A. suggestion  B. kindness   C. negativity   D. amusement
47. A. stop   B. start    C. enjoy    D. practice
48. A. discover     B. repair    C. understand   D. protect
49. A. ready   B. grateful   C. responsible   D. available
50. A. questioning  B. believing   C. wondering   D. reminding
51. A. hardly   B. extremely   C. generally   D. barely
52. A. choices   B. goals    C. problems   D. friends
53. A. strength     B. conclusion   C. energy    D. attention
54. A. balance   B. promise   C. faith    D. number
55. A. media   B. research   C. medical   D. critical
56. A. what   B. which    C. why    D. where
57. A. effects   B. comments   C. results    D. experiences
58. A. support   B. charge    C. honor    D. search
59. A. falls   B. burns    C. shines    D. compares
60. A. praise   B. improve   C. welcome   D. dull
                                       B
When 69-year-old Dobrgyal started looking after the wild macaques (猕猴) at a scenic spot in China’s Tibet Autonomous Region, their population   61   only 40-50. Today, 18 years later, that same place is   62   to over 2,800 Tibetan macaques.
Dobrgyal’s relationship with the Tibetan macaques has been described as a __63_ love story between man and monkeys. A former   64   keeper, Dobrgyal has been driving 5km almost every day just to feed the macaques, show them  65_ and make sure they are healthy.   66  , he has even taken some of the sick animals home and _67  them back to health.
China.org.cn reports that Dobrgyal has been the only one working as a   68   in Gongbo’gyamda area for the last 18 years, and   69   him as the main reason that the macaque population is rising.
Tibetan macaques are a/an   70   species in China, and their food is provided by the Gongbo’gyamda forestry bureau(局), but it’s Dobrgyal who loads the bags in his trucks and   71   it to the monkeys personally. Thanks to his   72  , the macaques have become very   73   with tourists, many of whom also help to _74_ the animals.
Having dedicated almost two decades of his life to the macaques, Dobrgyal now _75 _ himself about what will happen to them if his physical _76 _ no longer allows him to take care of them properly.
“Now I’m so old, nearly 70 years old,” Dobrgyal said recently. “In the __77 _ of my life I will do my best to take care of the monkeys, but if someday my health__78 _ me feeding them anymore, I will have my sons replace me.”
__79 _, the furry creatures will be able to rely on their _80 _ human father for many years to come.
61. A. numbered     B. reduced       C. confirmed          D. turned
62. A. seen          B. fun        C. home           D. known
63. A. mouthwatering     B. heartbreaking     C. breathtaking     D. heartwarming
64. A. forest       B. house   C. garden  D. soccer
65. A. honor          B. respect   C. affection     D.  mercy
66. A. In return   B. On occasions     C.  In vain  D. On purpose
67. A. expected      B. sent    C. forced  D. nursed
68. A. feeder       B. leader   C. friend  D. farmer
69. A. guesses   B. credits   C. assumes  D. questions
70. A. aggressive      B. protected      C. dangerous  D. controlled
71. A. donates   B. declares   C. returns  D. delivers
72.  A. wisdom   B.  bravery        C.  efforts     D.  intentions
73. A. popular       B. confident      C. shy   D. cautious
74.  A. raise           B.  feed             C. buy   D. observe
75. A. concerns      B. advises   C. predicts  D. comments
76. A. age    B. body   C. attitude  D. condition
77. A. process   B. middle   C. rest   D. next
78. A. keeps       B. permits   C. allows  D. prevents
79. A. Unfortunately     B. Hopefully  C. Generally     D. Actually
80. A. official   B. typical        C. adoptive  D. spiritual
第Ⅱ卷
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第二节 语法填空(共10分;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Overweight children and teenagers aged between 5 and 18 in the China mainland 81 (reach) 8.5 million in 2025,a number 82 surpasses(超过) the population of Spain, a study said.
  According to the study, among the obese Chinese youth, millions of them 83 (report) to suffer from all kinds of diseases. It also stated that in all there would be 268 million overweight school-aged children worldwide by 2025, 84  (include) 91 million obese children, if no effective 85 (measure) could be taken to stop the existing trends. Inactivity and the consumption of junk food and soda drink contributed 86 the growing number of overweight 87  (young)in the world. 88 (respond) to the increase of obese children in China, the State Council released a guideline this year. The guideline aimed to prevent more children from becoming obese and it urged that the local government in China 89 (strength) the training of medical staff around children’s health and promote knowledge of  90 (balance) eating and drinking habits among their parents.
第四部分  写作 (共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加: 在此处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出修改的词。
删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改: 在错的词下划一横线,并在其下面写出修改后的词。
 
Dear Miss Brown, boys and girls,
 Today we gather here to have a send-off meeting. Our English teacher Miss Brown was going to return to her own country tomorrow. On behalf of all my schoolmates as well as myself, I express their hearty thanks to her. In the past two years, Miss Brown has taught us writing English. We enjoyed her lessons very much because of her method of teaching was quite different from other. That she gave us in the lessons was both lively and interestingly. With her help, we wouldn’t have made rapid progress in English. Now she is going to leave our school. We thank her very much for her wonderful works and hope that she will able to be back again.
第二节书面表达(满分25分)
假设你是李华,你的笔友Tom对中国文化非常感兴趣,他和他的家人准备今年来中国过春节,写信向你咨询相关事宜。请根据所给提示,用英语给他回一封电子邮件。内容包括:
1. 春节在中国文化中的重要性;
2. 主要的庆祝活动和方式;
3. 旅游注意事项:选好参观的城市、提前预定宾馆等。
       注意:1. 词数120左右(开头和结尾已给出,但不计入总词数);2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
Dear Tom,
   I’m glad to hear that you and your family are visiting China during the Spring Festival.
__________________________________________________________________________________
  I wish you a pleasant journey in China.
Yours,
Li Hua
 
英语试题参考答案
第一部分:(满分20分)
   1—5 BCCAC  6—10 BAACB  11—15 ABBCA 16—20 CBCBB
第二部分:(满分40分)
   21—23 BAD  24—27 DABA  28—31 ACBB 
32—35 DCAB     36—40 FACGE
【解析】本文为说明文。很多人以自己的快节奏生活而自豪,这会造成一种匆忙症,它的突出症状为焦虑,有压力,生病,工作效率低甚至活不下去。如果想治愈此症,就要放慢速度。比如放慢洗澡的速度有可能会创意的想法出现。
24.细节理解题。根据第二段中的I heard an artist friend telling everybody that his idea came while he was having a shower. …“Don’t you get your creative thoughts from the same place?”可知,作者的艺术家朋友说他创造性的想法是在洗澡的时候得到的。分析选项可知D项符合题意,故选D项。
25.细节理解题。根据第五段“A woman told me how much stress her friend was suffering from …”可知,这位女子说她的朋友遭受了很大的压力。分析选项可知A项符合题意。
26.细节理解题。根据第八段内容可知,21世纪的人最大的问题就是“匆忙病”。他们匆匆忙忙的工作,吃快餐,他们抱怨没有足够的时间,他们一直和时间赛跑,直到有一天,惊讶地回过头来,说,“我的上帝,时光飞逝啊!“然后意识到他们已经付出了沉重的代价。分析本段的内容可知B项(一切都是匆匆忙忙完成的。)符合题意。在本段中说他们匆匆忙忙地工作而不是奔跑去上班,A错误。他们抱怨没有足够的时间而不是没有足够的时间,故C是错误的。而D项与题干无关。故不选,分析可知B项符合题意。
27.推理判断题。最后一段说匆忙症的症状包括有压力和焦虑,不良的人际关系,工作效率低,甚至生病。有些人甚至无法生存下去。如何治呢?那就是放慢脚步。分析可知,要解决这个问题就要放慢速度。分析选项可知A项符合题意。
C【考点】新闻报道类,说明文,医疗保健  
【解析】【分析】这是一篇新闻报道。文章主要是关于中国政府计划开展绿色互联网医疗服务的详细内容报道。
28.细节理解题。根据第二段“The top levels of hospitals will be encouraged to provide online services, including consultations (会诊), reservations and test result inquiries.”可知,高级医院被鼓励可以在线提供的服务包括在线会诊,预约挂号和检查结果查询。并没有提到医疗手术。故答案选A。
29.细节理解题。根据第三段“As China joins the ranks of middle-income countries, the demand for health services has increased accordingly.”可知,随着中国进入中等收入国家行列,对健康服务的需求也随之增加。也就是说中国人民的生活水平提高,是健康服务需求增加的原因。故答案选C。
30.推理判断题。由原文“Internet Plus Healthcare can help reduce the problem of inaccessible and expensive public health services that have long been a big concern for the general public.”,公共卫生服务一直是公众关注的焦点。又由“In recent years, top-level…the growing demand of the public.”,近年来医疗费用已成为家庭的沉重负担,高端医疗资源无法满足公众日益增长的需求。可知,目前医疗资源不足等问题日益严重和紧迫,所以中国政府必须抓紧时间采取措施解决问题。故答案选B。
31.主旨大意题。由文章开头“China will give the green light Internet medical services conducted by medical institutions as part of a broader push to promote Internet Plus Healthcare”及全文内容可知,文章主要讲了中国政府推行网上医疗服务的消息。故答案选B。
【点评】新闻报道类阅读理解的解题技巧
  1)仔细阅读导语,掌握新闻主旨:导语(即文章的第一句话或第一自然段)往往是对整篇文章的高度概括,正文部分则对导语展开叙述,因此读懂首句或首段至关重要。
2)运用查读的方法明确新闻的细节:根据题干的关键词,采用查读的方法搜寻所考查的细节描述,然后与选项进行比较,最后确定答案。
3)把握文章基本框架,抓住长句和难句的主干:在阅读新闻报道类文章时,首先要了解其基本框架结构,始终把重点放在文章最主要的内容上,不要被细枝末节、和主旨不相关的难句所迷惑。其次,检测的关键句常常是长句或者含有习语、难词的句子。
完形填空 (满分40分)
41-45 B A CBD      46-50C ADC B       51-55 BAD CA        56-60 DBACD
B篇完形   61-65 ACDAC   66-70 BDABB  71-75 DCABA  76-80 DCDBC
语法填空 (满分15分)
  81.will reach  82.that/which  83.were reported  84.including  85.measures  86.to  87.youth  88.To respond  89.(should)strengthen  90.balanced
解析:[语篇解读] 本文为新闻报道。中国肥胖青少年人数在迅速增长,今年国务院发布了一个指导性文件以防止肥胖人数的增多。
81.will reach 根据时间状语in 2025可知设空处需用一般将来时,故设空处填will reach。
82.that/which 此处为定语从句,先行词在定语从句中作主语,且先行词指“物”,故填that或which。
83.were reported 根据下句中stated(一般过去时),可推知本句需用一般过去时。主语与report之间为被动关系,故填were reported。
84.including 根据句意可知,此处意为“包括”,故填including。
85.measures 设空处在句中作主语,measure(措施)在本句中应为复数概念,故填measures。
86.to contribute to为固定短语,意为:导致。
87.youth 根据本句中的介词of可知设空处应为名词且表示“人”。youth在表示“年轻人的总称”讲时,为不可数名词,故填youth。
88.To respond 设空处在句中作目的状语,故设空处填To respond。
89.(should)strengthen 在“urge+that从句”中,that从句中的谓语动词需用should+动词原形,且should可以省略。该用法属于虚拟语气用法。
90.balanced 本题考查非谓语动词作定语。设空处作定语,修饰habit,且设空处表示状态,故填过去分词balanced。
高级语块 ①take measures采取措施 ②contribute to导致
长难句 The guideline aimed to prevent more children from becoming obese and it urged that the local government in China (should) strengthen the training of medical staff around children’s health and promote knowledge of balanced eating and drinking habits among their parents. 该指导性文件旨在防止更多的孩子变得肥胖,它还督促中国当地政府加强对负责儿童健康的医务人员的培训并在家长中宣传平衡饮食习惯的知识。
本句为复合句。urged后的宾语从句需使用虚拟语气,从句的谓语动词为should+动词原形,should可以省略。
短文改错 (满分10分)
Dear Miss Brown, boys and girls,
    Today we gather here to have a send-off meeting. Our English teacher Miss Brown   going to return to her own country tomorrow. On behalf of all my schoolmates as well as myself I express   hearty thanks to her. In the past two years Miss Brown has taught us   English. We enjoyed her lessons very much because of her method of teaching was quite different from  .   she gave us in the lessons was both lively and  .   her help, we wouldn’t have made rapid progress in English. Now she is going to leave our school. We thank her very much for her wonderful   and hope that she will   able to be back again.
书面表达(满分25分)
One possible version:
Dear Tom,
I’m glad to hear that you and your family are visiting China during the Spring Festival.
The Spring Festival is one of the most important festivals in China. It is an occasion when family members get together and have a good rest. Before the festival, we clean our houses and decorate them with red couplets and pictures, which express our best wishes for the coming new year. During the festival, we visit relatives. Children are given lucky money in red paper. There are dragon dances and carnivals, from which you can learn more about Chinese culture. In the north of China the special food for the Spring Festival is dumpling.
Please decide which cities you are going to visit and book the hotel rooms in advance.
I wish you a pleasant journey in China.


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