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新人教版八年级下册英语Unit 10 I’ve had this bike for three years.Section A(1-2d) 导学案           ★★★
新人教版八年级下册英语Unit 10 I’ve had this bike for three years.Section A(1-2d) 导学案
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2015-05-19

Unit 10 I’ve had this bike for three years.
第一课时Section A(1-2d) 
【Free talk】How long have you had your bike?
【学习目标】
1. 学习下列单词:yard, sweet, cent, toy, bear, maker, scarf, soft, board, check
2. 学习下列短语:yard sale, board game, check out, more than, bring back, give away, not…any more, welcome to,
3. 能熟练运用下列语句询问活动情况:
  1. —How long have you had that bike ? I’ve had it for three years.
  2. I learned how to ride a bike on it.
3. Amy wants to keep her old things because they bring back sweet memories.
4. 重点语法:现在完成时与for和since连用的用法。(延续性动词)
【导学案】
一、通读课本73-74页,完成下列题目:
1. have a yard sale________________  2. More than (同义词) ________________
3. 捐给,赠送________________ 4. People in need________________
5. memory(复数)________________ 6. 一点也不________________
7. Bring back________________  8.  A couple of months________________
9. Check out ________________ 10. Scarf (复数) ________________
二、翻译下列句子。
1. —How long have you had that bike? __________________________________
- I’ve had it for three years. I learned how to ride a bike on it. _______________________
2. Amy wants to keep her old things because they bring back sweet memories.
3. 你可以把旧东西捐给需要的人。
  You can ________ old things ______ people _______ _________.
4. 我妈妈买了面包机很长时间了。但它仍然能用。
My mom _____ ______ the bread maker _____ a long time but it still _________.
【课中案】
一、自主学习
1. 熟记单词和短语,并运用主要句型进行问答练习。
2. 用括号内所给词的适当形式填空
1) Amy thinks it’s hard _________(sell) her old things.
2) I learned how ___________(ride) a bike on it.
3) I ______________(买) it since I ______ (be)a child.
二、合作探究,质疑解惑
1.【语法详解】表示过去发生的动作或状态持续到现在,还可能继续下去。谓语动词为延续性动词,句中常带有表示一段时间的时间状语,如:since结构,for+一段时间,recently, lately, these days; in the last / past three years  by the end of …,(到……为止)so far (到目前为止), by now=up to now, today等。
She’s been there for over two years 她在那两年多了。
They’ve lived here since 1989/ since they came to this city.
I have learned about 2000 English words so far.
注意:常用How long …..?  提问现在完成时的时间。
1)延续性动词:动作可持续一段时间,可和for, since等表示一段时间的时间状语连用。
2)非延续性动词:动作不能持久,一瞬间就结束,不能延续,或表示一次性动作,也叫短暂性动词、瞬间动词、终止性动词。不能和表示一段时间的时间状语连用。常见这类动词有 come, go, leave, begin, start, arrive, reach, see, die, join, get up, borrow, lend, buy, finish, end, become, hear from等。
*判断正误如有错误并改正:
1. He has come back. (   )___________________________________
2. He has come back for 3 days. (   )___________________________________
3. I have borrowed the book. (   )___________________________________
4. I have borrowed the book since last week.  (   )____________________________
5. I have got up for an hour. (   )____________________________
6. He has died for 10 years. (   )____________________________
3)非延续性动词的否定式已成为一种可延续性状态,可以和for,(后跟时间段) since(后跟时间点或一般过去式的从句)等表示一段时间的时间状语连用。
1. I haven’t seen him for a long time. / since he ________(离开)
2. I haven’t heard from him for half a year.
3. I haven’t borrowed books for two months.
4) 非延续性V. 可以转换为延续性V.,有以下几种情况:
用相应的延续性动词
buy—have;   borrow—keep/have;  put on—wear;   catch(get) a cold—have a cold; come/go/become—be
转换成“be + n.”形式
join the Party—be a Party member   join the army—be a soldier
go to school—be a student
转换成“be + adj./adv.”形式
die—be dead; finish—be over; begin—be on; leave—be away; fall asleep—be asleep; wake up—be awake; get up—be up; close—be closed; open—be open
d) 转换成“be + 介词短”语形式
go to school—be in school;  join the army—be in the army
5)Practice:
他回来已三天了。____________________________________
他离家已有两个月了。_____________________________________
他父亲已死了三年了。__________________________________________
他已睡了一小时了。__________________________________________
这场电影已经开始一小时了。___________________________________________
三、当堂检测   
翻译下列句子
1) ----你哥哥参军了吗?_________________________________________
----他参军了。____________________________________
---他什么时候参军的?_______________________________
---他是1990年参军的。他参军已5年了。_____________________________
2)--你父亲去哪了?_______________________________________?
----他去美国了。他是3年前去的。他在那儿已呆了3年了。
______________________________________________________________
3) ——I ________ an English-Chinese dictionary.
    ——When______ you______ it?    ——Yesterday afternoon.
A. have bought , did , buy          B. buy , do , buy
C. have bought, will, buy          D. buy, have, buy
【课后案】
(   ) 1. ----_____ you ever _____ to an aquarium?    ----Yes, we had a good time there.
A. Have, gone           B. Had, been             C. Have, been
(   ) 2. I _____ my grandpa last Sunday.
A. have visited          B. visited                 C. was visiting
(   ) 3. She _____ Shanghai for a month.
A. has come to          B. came to                C. has been in
(   ) 4. Lu Xun _____ more than fifty years ago.
 A. died                B. has died                C. has been dead
(   ) 5. Fanny _____ TV at this time last Saturday.
 A. has watched          B. was watching           C. watched
(   ) 6. ---- Have you ____ been to our town before?---- No, it's the first time I ___ here.
A. even, have come        B. ever, come            C. ever, have come


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