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新人教版高二英语选修八Unit 1 A land of diversity 各课时教案         ★★★★
新人教版高二英语选修八Unit 1 A land of diversity 各课时教案
作者:1 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2013-05-20 05:39:28

Unit 1 A land of diversity

. 单元教学目标

技能目标Skill Goals

▲Talk about the USA

▲Talk about (going) places

▲Learn the words about the USA

▲Learn how to ask questions and make comments

▲Learn the usage of the Noun Clauses

▲Write an introduction to places

▲Study the culture and people of the USA

. 目标语言

 

 

 

 

 

Talk about (going) places

Where have you visited recently?

When did people first live there?

What is the climate like?

Why is it so warm / cold / dry / wet there?

What’s the population of...?

How many nationalities live there?

What did you think about the people?

What is the most important festival there?

How do they celebrate it?

What other interesting things did you see?

That’s interesting / terrific / marvelous / cool / lovely / beautiful, wonderful!

You’re exciting / wonderful. Good / Creative /Fantastic / Super job!

 

 

 

 

   

1 四会词汇

Strait  distinct  Arctic   means  majority  ministry Catholic  hardship elect  federal rail  percentage  Italy Denmark boom aircraft Korea  Korean  Pakistan  immigration  racial crossing  vice  nephew  pole  applicant  customs  socialist  occur  cattle  indicate luggage shave tram apparent apparently brake conductor slip bakery ferry hire seagull angle nowhere punishment justice mourn civil authority reform grasp thankful insert

2 认读词汇

illustrate, Alaska, prehistoric, immigrant, Hollywood, Laotian, conqueror, cable, Andrew, wharf, Alcatraz

3 词组

Live on, the Arctic, by means of, make a life, keep up, back to back, team up with, mark out, take in a great/good many, apply for

   

Learn to use the Noun Clauses

 

 

1. However, it is likely that Native Americans were living in California... P2

2. Of the first Spanish to go to..., the majority were... P2

3. That is why... P2

4. Some died or returned home, but... P2

5. Although Chinese immigrants..., it was the building of... P2

6. It is believed that before long... P3

7. Built in 1873... was invented by... P8

8. It’s a... that takes in... P8

9. He was noticed by... and to find... P51

10. He spoke publicly about..., using his fame to help... P51

 

. 教材分析和教材重组

       1. 教材分析

       本单元以地域文化为主题, 旨在通过单元教学,使学生了解有关美国地理方面的知识;学习加利福尼亚州的简介,使学生对美国的文明史略见一斑;通过阅读名人传记,研究美国的民族文化,使学生对美国有全方位的认识,掌握有关美国的历史、地理、文化、民族等方面的词汇;学会运用名词性从句等语法知识,并通过相关练习,提高学生的语言运用能力;通过阅读一篇图文并茂的美国游记,学会书写电子邮件或明信片,介绍某一名胜古迹和人文景观;通过学习、探究我国少数民族地区的多种文化,以及撰写我国某一城市、省份或地区的简介,加深对祖国地域文化的了解,提高写作能力。

本单元旨在通过对世界各地的名胜古迹、风土人情的研究与学习,丰富学生的世界地域文化知识,开扩视野,培养他们热爱祖国、热爱大自然、保护名胜古迹、造福人类的高尚情操。

1.1 Warming Up要求学生查阅美国地图,讨论有关美国地理方面的知识,为下一步的学习做好热身准备。

1.2 Pre-reading要求学生讨论有关加利福尼亚州的几张图片,了解当地风土人情、民俗文化。

1.3 Reading主要介绍了加利福尼亚州人口及民族、种族构成、融合、变迁的历史。通过学习,使学生了解加州不仅是美国人口最多的州,同时也是民族、种族最多、文化最为多元的州。

1.4 Comprehending要求学生在理解课文的基础上,写出发生在加州的重大历史事件,并分析讨论新世纪加州为什么会成为多种文化交织的共同体的原因。

1.5 Learning about LanguageDiscovering useful words and expressions Discovering useful structures两部分组成。并设计了词性转换、用课文中所学习的重点词汇填空、补全对话等练习。

1.6 Using LanguageReading and writing, Listening and speaking组成,通过对学生听说读写综合能力培养,要求学生在了解相关知识的基础上,阅读并改写部分游记;想象自己在某地度假,给朋友发一封电子邮件或寄一张贺卡介绍该地区的相关情况。

1.7 SUMMING UP 要求学生总结本单元所学的词汇、结构、话题等知识和内容。

1.8 LEARNING TIP从对话时应该注意的问题这一角度,对学生进行学法指导。

 

       2 教材重组

       2.1 Warming Up, Pre-reading, ReadingComprehending四部分,都是关于美国加利福尼亚州简介的内容,整合为一节精读课。

2.2 Learning about Language中的Discovering useful words and expressions 以及Workbook中的USING WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS 都是关于形容词、动词和名词后缀及其三者之间的相互转换,讲解与练习这三种词性用法, 以及课文重点词汇运用方面的相关练习,整合为一节语言学习课。

2.3 Learning about Language中的Discovering useful structuresWorkbook中的USING STRUCTURES,都是有关名词性从句的用法的讲解与练习,整合为一节语法课。

2.4 Using Language中的Reading and writing, Listening and speaking,都是与假日旅游相关的知识,整合为一节综合课(I)。

2.5 Workbook中的LISTENING, LISTERNING TASK AND READING TASK,都是关于新奥尔良以及爵士乐及其创始人等相关内容, 整合为一节泛读课。

2.6 Workbook中的TALKING以及SPEAKING TASKWRITING TASK四个部分, 都是关于中国城市、省份或地区的简介等方面的内容, 整合为一节综合课(二)。

3. 课型设计与课时分配

1st Period            Reading

2nd Period          Language study

3rd Period         Grammar

4th Period         Integrating skills ()

5th Period         Extensive reading

6th Period         Integrating skills ()

 

. 分课时教案

The First Period Reading

Teaching goals教学目标

1. Target language 目标语言

a. 重点词汇和短语

strait, means, slavery, Spain, majority, Catholic, Mexico, immigration, percentage, Denmark, Danish, aircraft, Korea, Korean, Pakistan, Pakistani, mix, mixture, nationality, racial, the Bering, by means of, the Pacific Islands, make a life

b. 重点句子

However, it is likely that Native Americans were living in California... P2

Of the first Spanish to go to..., the majority were... P2

That is why... P2

Some died or returned home, but... P2

Although Chinese immigrants..., it was the building of... P2

It is believed that before long... P3

2. Ability goals能力目标

Enable the students to talk about the history of California.

3. Learning ability goals 学能目标

Enable the students learn how to talk about the history of California.

Teaching important points 教学重点

Enable the students learn how to talk about the important events in Californian history.

Teaching difficult points教学难点

Enable the students to explain the reasons why California is such a multicultural community in the 21st century.

Teaching methods教学方法

Skimming, scanning and discussion.

Teaching aids教具准备

A recorder, a computer, a projector and some pictures.

Teaching procedures & ways教学过程与方式

 

Step Lead-in

T: Boys and girls, we’ve learned English several years. We know that English is mainly used in England, Australia, the United States of America, etc. And we’re now learning American English. But how much do you know about the United States of America — a land of diversity? As we all know, the US is a world power with the most developed economy. It lies in the North America, bordering both the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada and Mexico. There are fifty states in the US. Forty-eight of them are in the single region between Canada and Mexico; this group is referred to, as the continental or contiguous United States. Two of the 50 states, Alaska (a state in northwestern North America) and Hawaii (a state in the central Pacific on the Hawaiian Islands), are not contiguous with any of the other states. In the past few years, we’ve seen or heard many of the world’s events which have something to do with the US, such as the September 11 attacks, Iraqi war, Kartrina Hurricane, etc. Today we are going to learn more about this powerful country. First, look at the following pictures.

Show some pictures on the screen.

T: All right. Now please tell me what you know about them? Who wants to have a try?

S1: The American flag is the Star - Spangled Banner. There are 50 stars with white and red strips on the rest of the flag.

S2: The stars stand for 50 states. The red color symbolizes courage; the white symbolizes freedom and the blue means loyalty and justice.

S3: The White House is the executive mansion of the President of the United States. The American President lives and works in the building.

S4: There are many important places in it, such as the pressroom and the oval office.

S5: The Statue of Liberty is standing on a small island in New York Harbor.

S6: In 1886, French sent it as a gift for American Independence Day on her 100th anniversary.

S7: The crowned lady is 46 meters high, with a torch in her right hand holding aloft and Declaration of Independence in her left.

S8: For a century, the Liberty has been standing on the Island proudly symbolizing the spirit of independence of the USA.

T: Very exactly. What else do you know about the USA?

S9: A federal republic, United States of America is composed of a federal district, Washington DC and 50 states. All the states except for Hawaii islands are situated in mainland America. 

S10: It has a population of about 2,900 million. Its area is 9,370,000 sq km.

S11: The climate of USA is mainly temperate in nature but in Hawaii and Florida, it is tropical.

S12: The language they mainly use is English.

 

Step Warming up

Ask the students to turn to page 1 and look at the map of the USA and talk about it in groups of 4.

Fill in the given form. Then write on the map the names of the oceans, countries, mountain ranges, lakes, rivers and big cities. At last, check the answers with the whole class.

T: Good job! Do you want to learn more knowledge about the USA? Now please open your books and turn to page 1. Here is a map of the USA. Please look at it carefully. Try to write on the map the names of the oceans, countries, mountain ranges, lakes, rivers and big cities.

 

Oceans

  Countries 

Mountain Ranges

Lakes

Rivers

Cities

East

West

North

South

West

East

Huron,

Ontario, Michigan,

Erie, 

Superior

Mississippi

Washington,

New York,

Los Angeles,

Chicago,

Houston,

Philadelphia, 

Miami, Atlanta,

San Francisco

Pacific

Atlantic

Canada

Mexico

Cascade,

Coast,

Brook,

Alaska,

Rocky

Appalachian

 

Step Pre-reading

T: Can you find the location of California? Where does it lie?

S1: Yes, it is lying on the Pacific Ocean in the west and on Mexico in the south.

S2: California is on the west coast of the United States, which is diverse in topography, climate and ecological environment.

T: Correct. Anything else do you know about the state?

S2: It has an area of 411 square kilometers. And it is one of the American states of the largest population, with the most developed economy.

S3: You are right. Its economy takes the first place among all the states. So it’s one of the most important states.

S4: The pleasant weather, long beach and graceful natural landscape make the tourism prosperous.

T: Well done! Just as people go to the USA from many places today, so did in ancient times. Today we’re going to learn the short history of California. Now please look at the pictures about California. And discuss in groups of 4 what each picture means to you. A few minutes later, I’ll ask some of you to say something about them.

A few minutes later.

T: OK, now I’d like some of you to say something about the pictures.

S1: I can see a Native American farmer in the left picture on page 1. He was standing beside a camp in the forest. It seemed that he felt very happy. Maybe he had a good harvest.

S2: The villagers moved to these various camps in the forests during the harvest season, depending on the type of crop being gathered.

S3: In the middle picture, a man was panning gold. He looked not only thin and weak, but also thirsty and tired.

S4: I think it was difficult for them to achieve the dream of becoming rich.

S5: He might have to give up, leave California and go back home.

S6: The right picture illustrates modern California with beautiful buildings and busy street.

S7: By 1990, the nations being immigrated from different parts of the world had made California into the most racially and ethnically diverse state in the country.

S8: The picture on page 2 shows us a Spanish religious man.

S9: The picture on page 3 shows us Indian children were allowed to attend public schools.

S10: The number of African Americans in California increased dramatically following the turn of the 20th century.

 

Step Reading

Scanning

Ask the students to read the text silently and then ask some questions about the text.

T: Today we’re going to read a short history of western painting. Now let’s read it quickly and find out the answers to the questions on the screen with your partners.

Show the questions on the screen.

1. Who were the first to arrive in California to rush for gold?

2. When and why did the large number of Chinese immigrate to California?

3. What attracted people from different parts of the world to immigrate to California?

T: Now who can answer Question 1?

S1: South Americans and people from the United States.

T: Good! Who’d like to answer Question 2?

S2: During the Gold Rush Period, many Chinese immigrated to California to achieve their dream of becoming rich.

S3: In the 1860s, a large number of Chinese went there to build the railway from the west to east coast.

T: Exactly. How about the third question?

S4: I think the temperate climate attracted immigrants to California.

S5: Maybe the modern lifestyle there is more attractive to people from other parts of the world.

T: Good job!

 

Skimming

In this part, the students will read the text again and try to get the main idea in groups of 4. Then show the following form on the screen. Give them a few minutes to fill in the form. Then check the answers with the whole class.

T: Now please read the text again. And then let’s try to get the main idea of the text. I’ll show the form on the screen and give you a few minutes to fill in it.

Show the form with blanks on the screen.

CALIFORNIA

Stage

People

Time

Event

Native

Americans

Asians

15,000

Arrived first

Natives

1600s

Suffered by

Europeans

Spanish

Spanish

1600s

Took native’s land

Ruled by Spain

1800s

Became part of Mexico

1821

Declared war & Given back

1846

Settled in

Russians

Russians

1800s

Settled in

Gold miners

South

Americans

Americans,

Europeans,

Asians

1848

 

 

Discovered & Rush for gold

 

 

1850

Became a state

 

Africans

1800s

Moved from Mexico

Chinese

1860s

Built the railway

Japanese

Early 1900

Farmed

Demark

1911

Established a town

Jewish

By 1920s

Developed industry

Italians

Late 1900s

Fished and made wine

Africans

1942~1945

Worked in ship & aircraft industries

Recent arrivals

Indians,

Pakistanis

1970s

 

Worked in Computer industry

Cambodians,

Koreans,

Vietnamese,

Laotians

Recent

decades

Immigrated

Future

Different parts

Future

Immigrated

 

Explanation

T: Now let’s deal with some language points in the text. Look at the sentences on the screen. Who can explain the sentences?

Show the following.

1. However, it is likely that Native Americans were living in California... P2

2. Of the first Spanish to go to..., the majority were... P2

3. That is why... P2

4. Some died or returned home, but... P2

5. Although Chinese immigrants..., it was the building of... P2

6. It is believed that before long... P3

 

Step Comprehending

Ask the students to read the passage again and try to know more about the pictures, the people and the events in different history periods. First ask students to practice Activities 1-3 in pairs. And then check the answers with the whole class.

T: Read the passage again. Now I’d like you to practice Activity 1.

S1: The first picture on page 2 shows us some life-styles of the Native Americans in California. Native Americans first arrived and have lived in California for thousands of years.

S2: They established their homes along the central California coast long before the Europeans arrived.

S3: They suffered a lot by Europeans, thousands were killed or forced into slavery.

S4: The middle picture on page 2 is about the Gold Rush in California.

S5: One of the largest human migrations in history as a half-million people from around the world descended upon California in search of instant wealth.

S6: Many died or returned home, but most of them remained in California.

S7: The right one shows that California is a multicultural city with architectures of different styles.

S8: Attracted by the climate and lifestyle, more and more people from different parts of the world like to immigrate to California.

S9: In the 21st century California will become such a multicultural state with a mixture of many races and cultures.

S10: The picture on page 3 shows us a Catholic religious man who came to California to teach the natives.

S11: In the early 16th century, Spanish fought against the naive people, took their land and settled in California.

S12: We can see so many African Americans were having classes in the school.

S13: In 1924, the United States Congress gave Native Americans the same rights as other citizens for the first time.

S14: School segregation and discrimination in housing were banned, but African Americans still encountered prejudice and hostility.

T: Read the passage again. And do Activities 2~3 in pairs.

A few minutes later.

T: OK, I’ll ask some of you to show your answers.

Sample answers: (Refer to the above form)

 

Step Consolidation

First ask the students to talk about the writing style and techniques, writing characteristic of this text in groups of 4, and check the answers with the whole class. Then ask the students to find out the main idea of the passage and try to retell the text in pairs. A few minutes later, ask some of them to retell it to the whole class.

T: Now I’d like you to talk about the writing style and techniques, writing characteristic of this text in groups of 4.

A few minutes later.

T: All right, what’s the writing style and techniques, writing characteristics of this text? Who can tell me?

Ss: Writing style and techniques: The passage is a historical narrative article. It introduces briefly the main history events of different periods of times in California. It also describes when, how and why the people from different parts of the world immigrated to California. The short history of California is described clearly and accurately, which gives the readers a deep impression.

Ss: Writing characteristics:

1. The text is arranged well in the order of time.

2. The text catches the feature of people and things and uses adjectives.

3. The text centers on the subject and the purpose.

4. The text seems more vivid and lively with the inserted pictures.

T: Well done! Now I’ll give you a few minutes to find out the main idea of the passage and practice retelling the text in pairs with the help of the form about the text.

Show the above form again on the screen.

T: All right. I’d like some of you to tell us the main idea.

Ss: Main idea: The text mainly introduces the short history of California. It describes the great history events happened in various times. It also tells us when, how and why different people from all over the world having been immigrating to California. It explains to us the reasons why it will be a simple multicultural community in the 21st century.

T: OK, it’s time for us to do some retelling work. Who’d like to have a try?

Ss: California is the third largest state in the USA with the most developed economy. 15,000 years ago, the first settlers crossed the Bering Strait from Asia and arrived in California. The Native Americans suffered greatly after the arrival of Europeans in the 16th century. In the 18th century, California was ruled by Spain until 1821 the people of Mexico gained their independence from Spain. California then became part of Mexico. But after the American-Mexican war in 1846, California was given back to the USA. In 1848, in California Gold was discovered, which attracted people from all over the world to arrive there to achieve their dreams of becoming rich. In 1850, California became the 31st state of the USA as a multicultural society. Attracted by the climate and lifestyle, more and more people from different parts of the world having been  immigrating to California, including Asians, Africans, Americans and Europeans. In the near future, California will become a mixture of many races and cultures without any major racial or cultural groups.

 

Step Homework

1. Ask the students to discuss the question in Activity3 on page 3, trying to explain the reasons in their own words and write 3 ~ 4 sentences.

2. Ask the students to prepare for the word formations and collect suffixes of the nouns, verbs and adjectives.

 

The Second Period Language study

Teaching goals教学目标

1. Target language 目标语言

重点词汇和短语

Catholic, slavery, Spanish, mix, mixture, nationality, majority, immigrant, percentage, make a life, a great many

2. Ability goals能力目标

Enable the students to learn about the word transformation between the nouns, adjectives and verbs.

3. Learning ability goals 学能目标

Help the students learn how to know the parts of speech according to the suffixes.

Teaching important points 教学重点

Get the students to know the word about the USA.

Teaching difficult points教学难点

Get the students to know the word formation by adding suffixes.

Teaching methods教学方法

Study individually, practice in groups.

Teaching aids教具准备

A computer and a recorder.

Teaching procedures & ways教学过程与方式

 

Step Revision

Ask the students to discuss the question in Activity 3 on page 3, trying to explain the reasons in their own words and write 3 ~ 4 sentences. Ask them to share their answers and show their opinions.

T: First of all, let’s deal with our homework. Now work in groups and discuss the question in Activity 3 on page 3, trying to explain the reasons in your own words and write 3 ~ 4 sentences. Share your answers with your group members.

A sample discussion:

S1: The Native Americans of California are continuing to heal from the wounds of the past. As California recognizes the value of its multi-ethnic diversity, its native people are encouraged to celebrate their heritage and share it with the wider California culture.

S2: The number of African Americans in California increased dramatically following the turn of the 20th century. Although old patterns of prejudice persisted, African Americans advanced in politics, business, sports and entertainment. School segregation and discrimination in housing were banned, but problems of unemployment, underemployment and racism continue to be addressed in the African-American community.

S3: By 1990, the number of European and Canadian immigrants had fallen dramatically, to less than 10 percent, and the number of immigrants from Mexico and Central America had climbed to well over half of the total.

S4: Additionally, California’s share of Asian immigrants doubled and now accounts for 40 percent of new immigrants in the state.

T: Excellent! These trends have transformed California into the most racially and ethnically diverse state in the country, so that by the year 2000, if not already, no racial group will constitute a majority.

 

Step Suffixation

First, ask the students to show their collected suffixes. Ask them to review the function of verbs, nouns and adjectives. And then ask them to fill in the charts with the proper forms of the words by practicing Activity 1 on page 4. At last, check the answers with the whole class.

T: Today we’re going to learn about suffixes. Do you know what a suffix is?

S1: A suffix is a particle, which is added to the end of a root.

T: Good. Do you know anything more about it?

S2: Generally, suffixes do not change the meaning of the root, but its part of speech. e.g. lead (v.)→leadership (n.)    ill (adj.) → illness (n.)

S3: Although each suffix has its own meaning, it can’t be used separately without the root.  

S4: However, some suffixes add new meanings to the newly formed words. e.g. meaning → meaningless    think → thinker

T: Very good! Now who’d like to share your collected suffixes with us?

Ss: The following are some of the most commonly used suffixes.

1.      Suffixes used as a noun signifier

 

Verb

Adjective

Suffix

Noun

read

 

-er

reader

act

 

-or

actor

train

 

-ee

trainee

build

 

-ing

building

attend

 

-ance

attendance

punish

 

-ment

punishment

invent

 

-tion

invention

 

sick

-ness

sickness

 

special

-ist

specialist

 

true

-th

truth

 

2. Suffixes used as an adjective signifier

Noun

Verb

Suffix

Adjective

wind

 

-y

windy

hope

 

-ful

hopeful

adventure

 

-ous

adventurous

hero

 

-ic (-ical)

heroic

nation

 

-al

national

care

 

-less

careless

trouble

depend

-some

troublesome

 

comfort

-ent/-ant

dependent

 

active,

-able/-ible

comfortable

 

imagine

-ive/-tive/-ative/-itive

attentive, imaginative

 

 

second

-ary

secondary

 

change

-able

changeable

 

annoy

-ing

annoying

 

excite

-ed

excited

 

3. Suffixes used as a verb signifier

Adjective

Noun

 

Suffix

 

Verb

 

broad

fright

-en

 

broaden , frighten

 

simple

 

-fy

 

simplify

 

modern

 

-ize (-ise)

modernize

 

T: Excellent! Now let’s fill in the chart with your partners. Please open your books and turn to page 4 and practice Activity 1 in Discovering words and expressions. Later we’ll check the answers with the whole class.

 

Step III Homework

1. Ask the students to finish Activities 1-3 on page 48 in the workbook.

2. Ask the students to prepare for the grammar about the Noun Clauses.

 

The Third Period Grammar

Teaching goals教学目标

1. Target language 目标语言

重点词汇和短语

The Noun Clauses, occur to

2. Ability goals能力目标

Enable the students to identify the different types of the Noun Clauses and learn to use them.

3. Learning ability goals 学能目标

Help the students learn how to use the Noun Clauses.

Teaching important points 教学重点

Enable the students to use the Noun Clauses.

Teaching difficult points教学难点

Enable the students to distinguish different types of noun clauses.

Teaching methods教学方法

Comparing and practice.

Teaching aids教具准备

A projector, a computer and a blackboard.

Teaching procedures & ways教学过程与方式

 

Step Revision

Check the homework.

 

Step Presentation

At first, get the students to know what a noun clause is and what role it plays in the sentences. Then, discuss noun clauses as objects. Next, give them an example to show what are Noun Clauses and in what situations they should use them. At last show them the sentence structures of the Noun Clauses.

T: Today’s topic is noun clauses. A noun clause is an entire clause which takes the place of a noun in another clause or phrase. Like a noun, a noun clause acts as the subject or object of a verb or the object of a preposition, answering the questions “who(m)?” or “what?”. There are many types of noun clauses. Today we’re going to discuss only noun clauses as objects.

Show the following.

He knows that noun clauses are difficult.

T: OK. Please look at the sentence on the blackboard. There is a that-clause in the sentence. Do you know what clause it is called?

Ss: Yes. It is an object clause.

T: Right. How do you know this?

S: I think the clause is used as the object of the verb “knows”.

T: Very good. There are three types of common noun clauses, which I’ll eventually cover. Now I’d like to show you more examples about them.

Show the following on the screen.

· That-clauses:

I believe that you can learn noun clauses well.

· If / whether clauses:

The teacher must determine if / whether they are ready to study noun clauses.

· Wh-clauses begin with words like who, what, how, whenever, which, etc:

First you need to explain what a noun clause is.

I know how I can make you learn noun clauses.

T: As for punctuation, the clause determines whether it’s a question or statement. How do you use them correctly?

Ss: That clauses are made from statements and are introduced by the word that. If / whether clauses are made from general questions and are introduced by the words if or whether. Wh-clauses are made from special questions and are introduced by the wh- words.

T: Quite right. If the clause is used as subject, we call it the subject clause. This kind of clause is also used as the predicative, the appositive or the attributive. Are you clear about that?

Step Practice

Ask the students to practice Activities 1~4 on page 5. For Activities 1~2, discuss what role these clauses play in the sentences in pairs. For Activity 3, ask them to make sentences containing noun clauses on their own. For Activity 4, complete the dialogue with the given sentences in pairs. At last, check the answers with the whole class.

T: In English we often find clauses acting as subject, object, appositive and predicative. Here are some more examples about them. Now please open your books and turn to page 5, let’s look at the underlined noun clauses. Please discuss what role these clauses play in the sentences in pairs.

A few minutes later.

T: In the sentences, what types of noun clauses are they?

Ss: In the first sentence, the underlined part is used as subject. It is the subject clause.

In the second sentence, the underlined part is used as predicative. It is the predicative clause.

In the third sentence, the underlined part is used as object of the verb “know”. It is the object clause.

Go on with the Activities 2-4. Then check the answers with the students.

 

Step IV Homework

Ask the students to do the following.

1. Finish Activity 2 on page 49 in the workbook.

2. Sum up all the conjunctions used with noun clauses and compare it with the conjunctions used with attributive clauses. Then tell the differences between them. Practice Activity 2 on page 49 (Workbook).

3. Prepare for the “Using Language” part on pages 6~9 and surf the Internet to find the related information.

 

 

[NextPage]

The Fourth Period Integrating skills()

Teaching goals教学目标

1.Target language 目标语言

a. 重点词汇和短语

luggage, tram, apparent, apparently, slip, bakery, ferry, hire, seagull, insert, react, team up with, mark out, take in, a great / good many

b. 重点句式

Talk about traveling to some places

Where have you visited recently?

What is the climate like?

What did you think about the people?

What other interesting things did you see?

That’s interesting / terrific / marvelous / cool / lovely!

You’re exciting / excellent.

Good / Creative / Fantastic / Super job!

2. Ability goals能力目标

Enable students to talk about places and learn to write an email or a postcard.

3. Learning ability goals 学能目标

Help students learn how to talk about places and learn to write an email or a postcard.

Teaching important points 教学重点

How to talk about places.

Teaching difficult points教学难点

How to write an email or a postcard.

Teaching methods教学方法

Listening, speaking and discussion.

Teaching aids 教具准备

A projector, a computer and a recorder.

Teaching procedures & ways教学过程与方式

 

Step Revision

Check the homework.

Sample answers to Activity 2:

1. A clause is called a noun clause when an entire clause takes the place of a noun in another clause or phrase.

I know that Latin is no longer spoken as a native language.

Where they are going is unknown.

Whoever broke the vase will have to pay for it.

The Toronto fans hope that the Blue Jays will win again.

2. A clause is called an attributive clause when a dependent clause which takes the place of an adjective in another clause or phrase.

The books that people read were mainly religious.

Some firefighters never meet the people whom they save.

Did I tell you about the author whom I met?

They are searching for the one who borrowed the book.

Then ask them to sum up all the conjunctions used in noun clauses, comparing them with the conjunctions used in attributive clauses and tell the differences between them. Fill in the given chart in groups of 4. Then check the answers.

T: Last class we learned the usage of noun clauses. Have you finished the exercises about the noun clauses?

Ss: Yes.

T: Attributive clauses share conjunctions with noun clauses. What are the differences between them? Now please fill in the given chart in groups of 4.

Show the following on the screen.

 

Conjunctions

Noun Clauses

Attributive Clauses

Whose

Only refer to a person

Refer to a person or a thing

Whom

Can’t be omitted

Can be omitted

Which

Can’t be omitted

Can be omitted

That

Can be omitted in the object clauses

Can be omitted

Meaningless

Have meanings

Don’t play a role in clauses

Play a role in clauses

What

Containing meanings and functions

Can’t be used

If / whether

Containing meanings

As if / though,

Because

Containing meanings; Only used in the predicative clauses

Who, how, when,

where, why

Containing meanings and functions; can’t be omitted

 

Step Listening and speaking

Listening

Ask the students to listen to a conversation about the George’s tour around California. Then ask them to practice Activities 1~4 on pages 6~7. For the first time, ask the students to number the things they talk about.

T: Today we’re going to listen to a conversation about the George’s tour around California. He is phoning home to talk to his friend Christie. What are they talking about? Now listen and find out. Then number the things you hear on the tape.

Then ask them to complete the postcard George wrote.

T: Now listen again and complete the postcard George wrote.

Check the answers by asking some students to read the completed postcard.

Ask the students to listen to the tape and discuss the questions in pairs and write some of the things Christie says in pairs.

Check the answers.

Speaking

For Activity 5, let them discuss in groups of 4 and later ask some of them to give their opinions.

Show the following.

1. The function of comments and questions:

· Encourage and stimulate others to further efforts;

· Follow up correct or incorrect answers;

· Arouse others’ imagination and creation;

· Motivate others to search out new knowledge;

· Make the students think and help them clarify concepts, thoughts and problems;

· Get them to master an array of techniques for effective questioning in class;

· Have others to express their ideas and views thoroughly;

· Show respect by making sure you understand the listener’s words.

2. It’s important to indicate that you are paying attention to others’ words.

· It’s good manners to be polite to others with good education;

· Make your communication smoothly;

· Improve your relationship with each other;

· Show your respect to others’ opinions and statements;

· Get others to feel happy and comfortable;

· Encourage others to develop their fullest level;

· Ask others to be self-confident to be successful;

· Have others to make the fullest expressions.

2.      While you are listening to others, you can ask questions and make comments according different situations.

 

Situations

Expressions

Complementing

That’s interesting / terrific / marvelous / cool / lovely / beautiful, wonderful!

You’re exciting / excellent.

Good / Creative /Fantastic / Super job!

Making replies

Yes, not really?  Uh, huh, hmmm; Well...

Asking for opinions

How do you feel about...?

What do you think about / of...?

Restatement

What you mean is...

In other words...

Entering a conversation

Excuse / Pardon me, but...

Sorry to interrupt / for interrupting, but...

Introducing and

supporting ideas

I think... because...

It seems to me... because...

Recommendations

I think we should... because...

Giving opinions

I think / feel...

Making requests

We need you to...

Can / Could you...?

I would like you to...

Accepting and

refusing requests

All right.

I’m sorry / afraid I can’t...

Agreement and

disagreement

Sounds good. / Good idea.

That’s what I think.

I’m sorry / afraid I disagree.

Showing understanding

I see /understand.

I see what you mean.

 

Step Reading

Ask the students to look at the given photos and read the George’s diary on pages 8 quickly. Then practice Activity 1 and fill in the chart in pairs.

T: Look at George’s photos on page 8. These are things he saw in San Francisco. Now read the diary he wrote quickly and find out the day he saw these things under the photos.

Ask the students to check the answers with their partners.

Show the following on the screen.

 

Mon. 12, June

Tues. 13, June

Wed. 14, June

Dropped luggage

Went exploring

Rode on a cable car

Visited Fisherman’s

Wharf.

Drove around city

 

Went to Chinatown

Took ferry to Angel Island

Golden Gate Bridge

 

 

For Activity 2, ask students to read the George’s diary on page 8 carefully and then answer the questions in pairs. Check the answers with the whole class.

 

Ask the students to read the diary again by themselves. Then discuss in groups of 4 and practice Activities 3~4. A few minutes later, ask some of them to show their work.

Sample answers:

Reasons for omitting:

1. Some unimportant, unnecessary, uninteresting little words like pronouns “we”, “I”, articles “a”, “the”, or prepositions. If omitted, the meaning can’t be affected and misunderstood by others.

2. Just keep the key words without explaining more in details.

Ask students to rewrite the diary entry.

A sample version:

On the next day, I teamed up with a couple from my hotel (Peter and Terri) and hired a car. We spent all day driving around city. There’s a great drive marked out for tourists. It has blue and white signs with seagulls on them to show way to go. It’s a 79km round-trip that takes in all the famous spots. We stopped many times to admire the view and take photographs. Now we have really good idea of what the city’s like.

In the evening, I went to Chinatown with Peter and Terri. Chinese immigrants settled in this area in the 1850s. The fronts of the buildings are decorated to look like old buildings in southern China. There are some interesting temples here, and a number of markets and a great many restaurants. Also there are art galleries and a museum containing documents, photographs and all sorts of objects about the history of Chinese immigration, but it’s closed in the evening. We will go back during the day. We had a delicious meal and then walked back down the hill to our hotel.

 

Step Homework

Ask the students to finish Activity 5 on page 9.

Show the following on the screen.

Description of a place

Just as an artist uses paint to create a picture, a writer uses words to create a description... Desriptive writing creates a picture of a person, place, thing or event. A description essay is generally developed through sensory details. Here are some tips about the  description.

1. Selecting details: The writer should choose those that help to bring out the dominant characteristic.

2. Catching the features of the place: You should mainly write about the things that make it different from other places.

3. Giving your view points: Places may be described for their own sake, as in essays on visits to famous scenic places.

4. Giving your purpose: You should describe the place for the purpose of revealing the personality and character of a person, or creating a feeling or mood.

 

 

 

[NextPage]

The Fifth Period Extensive reading

Teaching goals 教学目标

1. Target language目标语言

a. 重点词汇和短语

consider, achievement, personality, enthusiastic, autobiography, musician, recording, trumpet, funeral, ceremony, coffin, march, ceremony

b. 重点句子

He was noticed by... called... who... to teach... and to find...

He spoke publicly about..., using his fame to help...

2. Ability goals 能力目标

Enable the students to find the topic of each paragraph and find the clue to show the important events.

3. Learning ability goals 学能目标

Help the students learn how to find the topic of each paragraph and find the clue to show the important events.

Teaching important points教学重点

How to find the clue to show the important events.

Teaching difficult points教学难点

How to find the topic of each paragraph.

Teaching methods教学方法

Skimming, scanning and discussion.

Teaching aids教具准备

A recorder, a computer and a projector.

Teaching procedures & ways教学过程与方式

 

Step Revision

Check the homework by asking some students to show their work.

T: Last period, you were asked to write an email or a postcard to a friend telling him about the place where you are on holiday. Have you finished? Now who’d like to present your descriptions to the class

A sample version:

       The place I would like to visit would be Mars. I only know that it is the closest planet to the Earth, and it is most similar to the Earth. Although Mars is the fourth closest planet to the sun, it is still much colder than the Earth. Like the satellites pictures showed that Mars has lots of craters, and scientists speculate that perhaps Mars used to be like the Earth billions of years ago. I think there is more to Mars than what the scientists believe. I believe there is life on Mars. Perhaps the definition of life on Mars is different from the Earth. It could be that the life there does not need oxygen, but other kinds of gases. I would imagine that life may not be active, because Mars has been hit by meteorites and the surface has been very much bombarded. So I presume the life that still exists would not be like life on the Earth. I have no idea what the weather would be like, but I can presume it would be very cold, since Mars is much further from the sun than the Earth. As for its special features, I think if one stands on the surface of Mars, we can see the whole universe clearer than on the Earth. And perhaps it’s a million times more beautiful than the Earth. I hope one day we can have more exploration on Mars and solve the mystery.

 

Step Listening ()

First, ask the students to listen to the tape and complete the notes. Check the answers by asking some students to read their notes.

Then get them to discuss the questions in Activity 2 and talk about New Orleans.

T: What do you know about the place mentioned in the radio interview? Now work in groups and discuss the questions in Activity 2.  

Sample answers to the questions in Activity 2:

1. New Orleans, one of North America’s most distinctive and culturally diverse cities, located in southeastern Louisiana on the Mississippi River, about 180 km from the Gulf of Mexico. The city was founded in 1718 on the east bank of the Mississippi. New Orleans has been a leading commercial center since its founding and has one of the most active ports in the United States.

2. The Gulf of Mexico provides New Orleans with plenty of moisture—the city receives about 150 cm of rainfall annually and no season is immune from it.

Spring has sunny, mild days that are perfect for the festivals.

Summer is hot, sticky and steamy, often with thundershowers.

September and October days are the most likely to offer clear, temperate weather.

Winter temperatures average a comfortable 12°C (54°F), yet occasional drops in temperature, combined with the damp atmosphere, can chill you to the bone. Snow is rare but December’s short days, fog and rain conspire to allow only a few hours of daily sunshine.

3. It is famous for sweet-tasting cocktails and jazz bands.

4. Nomadic Paleo-Indians probably spent time in the New Orleans area over 10,000 years ago. By the time the French founded the city in 1718, seven small tribes known as the Muskogeans inhabited the Florida Parishes north of Lake Pontchartrain and, occasionally, the banks of the Mississippi River. Other tribes south of New Orleans inhabited the bayous in Barataria and the lower course of the Mississippi River.

Ask the students to tick the boxes in Activity 3 and complete Activity 4; complete the activities after listening again.

Then check the answers with the whole class.

 

Step Listening ()

Ask the students to listen to the music and discuss the questions in Activity 1 on page 50. Then ask them to look at the pictures in Activity 2, learn the meanings of the words and discuss what they think is happening. Next, complete the sentences according to the tape about jazz funerals in Activity 3. At last, ask them to listen to the tape again and make notes in Activity 4 and write a short paragraph about it. Check the answers with the whole class.

T: Next we’ll listen to a piece of music. After listening, please discuss the questions in Activity 1 on page 50.

Sample discussion dialogues:

1. S1: Yes, I’ve ever heard it in a CD shop near my home.

S2: No, this is my first time to listen to it.

2. S: I think it is called jazz.

3. S: The birthplace of that combination, Jazz, is said to be New Orleans. Originated in the early 1600s, Jazz is deeply rooted in American social history.

4. S1: Jazz started out with a mixture of many types of music. Jazz combines elements of African music with elements of Western European music.

S2: Yes. Created and developed primarily by African Americans, jazz is the derivative of various kinds of musical forms and cultural experiences.

S3: Their music was based on simple melodies and complex cross-rhythms mixed in with verbal slurs, vibrato, syncopated rhythms, and “blues notes”.

S4: The songs they sang were mostly spiritual or sung to pass the time of hardship and hard labor. The songs were actually encouraged because the workers seem to work better with the soothing effects of the music.

S5: Their music was characterized more by memorization and improvisation, and not of formal training.

5. S1: I love jazz music very much. I have tens of Jazz CDs in my house and listen to jazz everyday.

S2: Me, too. I own a World Space Radio and listen to “Riff”. If you have chance to enjoy them, you’ll be amazed how soothing it is to the soul. That’s the effect of good music.

S3: I just love the sound of Davis’ trumpet. His interpretations of Spanish classics in Sketches of Spain chill me to the bone and bring tears to my eyes.

S4: If I need some real emotions, Davis Kind of Blue is probably the standard to beat when it comes to improvising. Absolutely stunning.

S5: I don’t like ‘listening’ music but I love ‘dance’ music’. Jazz is an art that can only be enjoyed by a matured mind... a mind that can comprehend its message.

T: What do you think of future’s jazz?

S1: I think that the music fans are much more open-minded today in comparison with the times of “jazz-rock”.

S2: Because now the situation has changed a lot, especially because the modern music schools have sprouted everywhere in the world.

S3: The result is that now we have such artists like John Patitucci, Marcus Miller, Greg Osby that range from the jazz tradition to the contemporary urban music with the same excellent artistic results.

S4: I’d say the trend is that we won’t have anymore a specialized jazz audience in the future but simply a different level of competence in listeners, including or excluding jazz (but also classical music, opera, ethnic and folk).

S5: On the other side, when the level is high everybody enjoys it and nobody cares about categorizations and styles except critics...

S6: I think it’s necessary to be cool in music, on stage and in front of it as well like us jazz fans.

T: Now, please look at the pictures in Activity 2. Let’s learn some new words first. Please look at the screen. I’ll ask you to discuss what they think is happening in each picture. 

Show the following on the screen.

trumpet: brass musical instrument with a bright ringing tone

drummer: a person who plays the instrument consisting of a hollow round frame

funeral: ceremony of burying, burning dead people

coffin: a box holding a dead body

march: v. walk as soldiers do, with regular steps of equal length

n. piece of music written for marching

 

T: Now try to use the given words to describe what you can see.

Ss: When holding a funeral ceremony, the New Orleans Jazz band usually plays the trumpets and the drummer was trying his best to play music while along with the coffins and marching parade on the street. This is a wonderful CD recorded in New Orleans. This is also a super value and offers a good way to sample this music. The music is wonderful. It makes feet tap. It plants tunes in the brain that the listener will hum for many days.

T: Well done. Now let’s go on to do Activity 3, using the words to complete the definitions.

Check the answers by asking some students to read the completed sentences. .

T: Now let’s go on with Activity 4, listen to the tape again and make notes. Then write a short paragraph about jazz funerals.

A sample version about jazz funerals:

       One of the more distinguished aspects of New Orleans Culture is the Jazz Funeral. Architect Benjamin Henry Latrobe noted in 1819 that the New Orleans Jazz funerals were, “peculiar to New Orleans alone among all American cities”. The late Jazzman Danny Barker writing in his book Bourbon Street Black noted the funeral is seen as a major celebration. The roots of the Jazz Funeral date back to Africa. Four centuries ago, the Dahomeans of Benin and the Yoruba of Nigeria, West Africa were laying the foundation for one of today’s most novel social practices on the North American Continent, the Jazz Funeral.

       The secret societies of the Dahomeans and Yoruba people assured fellow tribesmen that a proper burial would be performed at the time of death. To accomplish this guarantee, resources were pooled to form what many have labeled an early form of insurance.

       When slaves were brought to America, the idea of providing a proper burial to your fellow brother or sister remained strong. As time passed, these very same concepts that were rooted in African ideology became one of the basic principles of the social and pleasure club. The social and pleasure club guaranteed proper burial conditions as did many fraternal orders and lodges to any member who passed. These organizations were precursors to the concept of burial insurance and the debit insurance companies.

       The practice of having music during funeral processions, Danny Barker said, was added to the basic African pattern of celebration for most aspects of life including death. As the Brass Band became increasingly popular during the early 18th Century, they were frequently called on to play professional music. Eileen Southern in The Music of Black American wrote, “On the way to the cemetery it was customary to play very slowly and mournfully a dirge, or an ‘old Negro spiritual’ such as Nearer My God to Thee, but on the return from the cemetery, the band would strike up a rousing, when the Saints Go Marching In, or a ragtime song such as Didn’t He Ramble.” Sidney Bechet, the renown New Orleans Jazzman after observing the celebrations of the jazz funeral stated, “music here is as much a part of death as it is of life.”

       The traditional New Orleans Jazz Funeral is as much a part of the fabric and rich cultural traditions of New Orleans as red beans and rice.

 

Step Pre-reading

T: “You can’t play anything on modern trumpet that doesn’t come from him. I can’t even remember a time when he sounded bad playing the trumpet. Never. Not even one time. He had great feeling up in his playing and he always played on the beat. I just loved the way he played and sang.” This is a comment about a jazz musician. Can you guess who the jazz musician was?

S1: Louis Armstrong. I still think no one can beat Louis Armstrong and Chet Baker when it comes to trumpets, and when it comes to saxophone, Buddy Arnold is my fellow anything.

T: What else do you know about him?

S2: Louis Armstrong was the greatest of all Jazz musicians.

S3: Armstrong defined what it was to play Jazz. His amazing technical abilities, the joy and spontaneity, and amazingly quick, inventive musical mind still dominate Jazz to this day.

T: He was the grandfather of jazz. He was very successful because he always thought, “What we play is life.” Today we’re going to learn more about the famous musician.

 

Step Reading

Skimming

Ask the students to read through the whole passage and then do Activity 1 on page 52 and discuss the main topic of each paragraph in groups of 4. At last, check the answers with the whole class.

T: Now, read the passage about the grandfather of Jazz. Please look through the whole passage quickly and do Activity 1 on page 52 and discuss the main topic of each paragraph in groups of 4.

Show the following on the screen.

Paragraphs          

Topics

1

Great jazz musician

2

Childhood

3

Learning to play music

4

Playing & recording 

5

Acting & writing

6

Death

 

Scanning

For Activity 2, get the students to read the text again and then work together with their partners to make a time chart to show the important events in Louis Armstrong’s life. Give them a few minutes to fill in the form. Check the answers with the whole class.

T: Now please read the passage carefully to make a time chart with your partners. I’ll give you a few minutes to fill in the form about the whole text. Check the answers with the whole class.

Show the following on the screen.

Time

Event

1901

Born

Childhood

Sang to earn money

12 years old

Arrested and sent to school

Learn how to play music

14 years old

Worked in bands

Learned jazz

1917

Worked in a best band

Next few years

Became a musician

1922

Traveled in the USA

Introduced his jazz

1924

Recorded his music

Popular as a jazz star

1932

Traveled to Europe

Played, recorded, acted, wrote,

By 1960s

Traveled aboard as a ambassador,

Spoke publicly

1971

Died

Step Homework

1. Ask the students to read the passage again after class and do Activity 3 and list the reasons why the writer says that Louis Armstrong was considered great.

2. Ask the students to talk about and write about some places in China.

 

 

[NextPage]

The Sixth Period Integrating skills()

Teaching goals教学目标

1. Target language 目标语言

a. 重点词汇和短语

nationality, location, geographical fractures, production, interview, culture

b. 重点句式

Talk about places

When did people first live there?

What’s the climate like?

Why is it so warm/cold/dry/wet there?

What’s the population of the city or province?

How many nationalities live there?

What is the most important festival there? How do they celebrate it?

2. Ability goals能力目标

Enable the students to talk about and write about places.

3. Learning ability goals 学能目标

Help the students learn how to talk about and write about places.

Teaching important points 教学重点

How to talk about places.

Teaching difficult points教学难点

How to write about places.

Teaching methods教学方法

Discussion.

Teaching aids 教具准备

A projector, a computer and a recorder.

Teaching procedures & ways教学过程与方式

 

Step Revision

Check the homework. First ask the students to discuss Activity 3 in groups of 4. Then share the reasons why the writer says that Louis Armstrong was considered great.

T: Like almost all early Jazz musicians, Louis was from New Orleans. He was from a very poor family and was sent to a reform school when he was twelve after firing a gun in the air on New Year’s Eve. Louis Armstrong was the greatest of all Jazz musicians. Armstrong defined what it was to play Jazz. His amazing technical abilities, the joy and spontaneity, and amazingly quick, inventive musical mind still dominate Jazz to this day. In Activity 3 the writer says that Louis Armstrong was considered great, too. Why? Discuss in groups and find out.

A sample answer:

Reasons for being considered great

 

Achievement

Quality

Playing with his band

Traveling to introduce style of jazz

Recording his music

Acting in movies

Writing autobiographies

Being a goodwill ambassador

Helping to fight for equal rights

Upright & pure

Strong-willed & ambitious

Diligent & energetic

Gracious& enthusiastic

Kind & warm-hearted

Simple & easy-going

Versatile & talented

 

Step Talking

For Activity 1 on page 47, ask the students to discuss a city or province in China that has a mixture of different cultures in groups of 4, filling in the given chart and answering the questions in the textbook.

T: It is well known that Chinese are a big family of 56 peoples. Next please choose one of the cities or provinces in China that has a mixture of different cultures and discuss the questions in Activity 1 on page 47.

Show the following on the screen.

 

Yunnan province

First people

Yunnan was home to Yuanmou Man 1.7 million years ago, and its land is filled with cultural relics and places of cultural interest

Climate

Yunnan belongs to the temperate-tropical highland monsoon climate

Climatic features: from north to south the province spans three climatic zones: temperate, subtropical, and tropical; conspicuous changes in climate; two clear-cut seasons, dry and humid; rainy season from May to October

Population

Population: 34.6 million

Urban population: 10 million

two-thirds Han Chinese and one-third minorities

Nationality

The 26 minority peoples including Han, Yi, Bai, Hani, Zhuang, Dai , Miao, Lisu, Hui, Lahu ,Va, Naxi, Yao, Tibetan, Jingpo, Bulang, Pumi, Nu, Achang, De’eng, Mongolian, Zhuang and Jinuo

Festival

Torch Festival: Festival activities include horse racing, bull fighting, wrestling, singing and dancing, and the festivities culminating in a night-time torch parade 

A sample conversation:

A: When did people first live in Yunnan?

B: 1.7 million years ago Yuanmou Man began to live in Yunnan.

A: What’s the climate like there?

B: Yunnan belongs to the temperate-tropical highland monsoon climate.

A: Why is it so?

B: From north to south the province spans three climatic zones: temperate, subtropical, and tropical; conspicuous changes in climate; two clear-cut seasons, dry and humid; rainy season from May to October.

A: What’s the population of the city or province?

B: There are 34.6 million people in the province.

A: What is the percentage of the population of each nationality?

B: Two-thirds are Han Chinese and one-third minorities. The 26 minority peoples including Han, Yi, Bai, Hani, Zhuang, Dai , Miao, Lisu, Hui, Lahu ,Va, Naxi, Yao, Tibetan, Jingpo, Bulang, Pumi, Nu, Achang, De’eng, Mongolian, Zhuang and Jinuo.

A: What is the most important festival there?

B: Torch Festival: Festival activities include horse racing, bull fighting, wrestling, singing and dancing, and the festivities culminating in a night-time torch parade.

For Activity 2, ask the students to design an interview for an English language radio program about a place in China in pairs, and then ask them to present them to the whole class.

T: All right let’s come to Activity 2. I’d like you to design an interview for an English language radio program about a place in China in pairs. You can use the sentences in Activity 1, adding some background music, and trying to make your interview interesting, lively and humorous. A few minutes later, I’ll ask some of you to present them before the whole class.

A sample interview dialogue:

A: Good morning. Welcome to our English radio programme “Around China”. Today we invite a Chinese guest, Wang Jianguo, to talk about his hometown. Hello, Jianguo, welcome. I’d like you to introduce your hometown to our audience. First of all, would you like to tell me where you are from?

B: Here’s some part of the record of a film and some scenes taken in my hometown. (Play some part of the record of a film and show some pictures to the interviewer)Can you guess the name of the film?

 

A: (Looking at the photos) How beautiful the scenery is! It’s interesting that there are two kinds of shields. The round-shape one is used most likely for charging the enemy and the chevron-shape one is used likely for holding position against enemy attack. Oh, I see, “Hero”, which is directed by Zhang Yimou.

B: How about the place?

A: Sorry, I don’t know.

B: The photos were taken in Jiuzhaigou, Sichuan Province.

A: Can you tell us the exact location?

B: Here’s a map of Sichuan. Jiuzhaigou, known as a “fairyland”, is situated in the central south part of the Jiuzhaigou County of the Aba Tibetan and Qiang autonomous prefecture in Sichuan province, China, being a tributary of the Baishuihe River on the Jialing River which belongs to the Yangtze river system.  Jiuzhaigou is actually a huge nature and scenery reserve covering approximately 60,000 hectares situated in the Min Shan mountain range.

A: The view is great. Would you please introduce more in detail?

B: Jiuzhaigou offers dramatic scenery and landscapes with lofty mountains, heavy woods, lush forests and numerous lakes scattered about the area. In Jiuzhaigou waterfalls and trees are mingled together, we call the rare scenery “forest waterfall”. The water in Jiuzhaigou is the soul of Jiuzhaigou. As it is purely and fairly clear and rich in colours, there goes the saying that no water is worth is your attention after your visit to Jiuzhaigou. The water, the reflections on the lake, the stone mill, the Tibetan villages, the Buddhist streamers and the songs and dances of the Tibetan and Qiang people constitute the unique tourist culture of Jiuzhaigou.

A: What a fantastic place!

B: And there was an old story about it. Ancient Chinese legend has it that the goddess Semo accidentally smashed her mirror here and the pieces which fell down the mountain formed beautiful lakes, streams and waterfalls. Despite official attempts to attract thousands of tourists, Jiuzhaigou remains a surprisingly peaceful and traditional place. Yaks, shrines and prayer wheels are all common sights.

A: How wonderful! But I wonder why it is called Jiuzhaigou.

B: It is so named because the scenic area consists of nine Tibetan villages In the “Y”-shape valley organized by Shuzheng Gully, Rize Gully and Zezhawa Gully of the scenic area are distributed  green lakes, springs, waterfalls, streams and Tibetan villages.

A: What’s the climate like?

B: The scenic area enjoys pleasant climate and beautiful colours all the year round, being one of the world’s famous scenic areas with the best tourist environment.

A: What is the most comfortable season to go traveling to Jiuzhaigou?

B: The scenery in Juzhaigou is impressive all year round but the most popular time to visit is between spring and autumn when the maple leaves are on the trees and the rainfall is minimal.

A: Sounds good! By the way, are there any special living things there?

B: The scenic area has an area of 1320 square kms including 30,000 hectares of primitive forest where exists 2576 protospecies, including scores of state-protected animals and plants such as the giant panda, golden monkey and mono-leaf grass.

A: That’s interesting. Are there any other nationalities besides Han?

B: Yes, Tibetan. What impresses visitors is the beauty of the professional performances at night.

A: What other special things about your hometown?

B: Apart from the valley’s natural beauty valley was its sound management and its staff’s sense of environmental protection. No children misbehaving by trying to catch the fish.

A: So I think it must be one of the best spots in China.

B: Yes, you are right. The Jiuzhaigou Scenic Area was listed into the world Nature Heritage Catalog in 1992, approved as a man-and-biosphere reserve in the world in 1997, evaluated as one of the first 4A state level sceneries in China in 2000, and awarded the certificate of Sustainable 21st Century Tourism in February, 2001.

A: You are super to bring us so excellent introduction. I feel excited about your hometown. By the end of our interview, what else do you want to say to our audiences?

B: I can’t describe all the excellence there. If you have a chance to travel there yourself, you can understand what I want to say.

A: Thank you very much for joining us, Jianguo.

B: It’s my pleasure. Welcome to Jiuzhaigou, every audience friend. 

A: If possible, I plan to go there next holiday. How about you? Why not visit Jiuzhaigou soon?

AB: Jiuzhaigou welcomes you. Yacht…

(While talking, play some beautiful background music.)

 

Step Speaking and writing task

Ask the students to read the tips and steps given in the textbook and talk about a Chinese city, province or zone in groups of 4. Then ask them to write a description.

T: Now we’ve learned some new language to talk and write about the USA. We can use this language to discuss about other countries or places. Next work in groups of 4, follow the tips and steps given in the textbook and talk about a Chinese city, province or zone. Read the instructions in the book first.

A sample discussion:

(Take Shanghai as an example)

S1: Shanghai, Hu for short, is situated on the estuary of Yangtze River of China. It is the largest industrial city in China. Covering an area of 5,800 square kilometers (2,239 square miles), Shanghai has a population of 18.7 million people, including 2 million floating population.

S2: Shanghai is China’s most comprehensive industrial and commercial city, ranking the first in population and population density. As a tourist city, it attracts travelers from both home and abroad by its commercial activity rather than scenic beauty.

S3: Originally, Shanghai was a seaside fishing village and in time its gradual development led to it being granted County status on August 19th, 1291 during the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). Hence this day became the anniversary of the founding of Shanghai. Today’s Shanghai is a multi-cultural metropolis with both modern and traditional Chinese features. Bubbling Shanghai shows off every aspect of her unique beauty.

S4: Serving as the largest base of Chinese industrial technology, the important seaport and China’s largest commercial and financial center, shanghai draws the attention of the whole world.

S1: Modern Shanghai has three key areas of interest to the visitor. These comprise Sightseeing, Business and Shopping centered upon People’s Square and along the Huangpu River. The city’s Cultural Center with its public activities and community facilities and finally the main Entertainment and Holiday Tourism area located at Mt. Sheshan, Chongming Island, Dingshan Lake and Shenshuigang Area.

S2: Known as “the Oriental Paris”, Shanghai is a shopper’s paradise. One of the musts for tourists is Nanjing Road. Huaihai Road intrigues those with modern and fashionable tastes, while Sichuan North Road meets the demands of ordinary folk. In addition, Xujiahui Shopping Center, Yuyuan Shopping City, Jiali Sleepless City are thriving and popular destinations for those who are seeking to buy something special as a memento of their visit.

S3: A wide variety of cuisines can be found in the City and today Shanghai offers a plethora of culinary delights focusing on the traditions of Beijing, Yangzhou, Sichuan, Guangzhou as well as its own local dishes. Shanghai’s restaurants are among the finest to be found in China and they welcome diners from anywhere at any time.

S4: Shanghai continues to grow and prosper meeting the aspirations of the 21st century while retaining its proud traditions of service and hospitality. The Oriental Pearl TV Tower, Jinmao Mansion and Pudong International Airport are the modern symbols of an international metropolis while the Shanghai Museum, Shanghai Grand Theatre and Shanghai City Planning Exhibition Center are evidence of the extensive and deep passion of a great city that extends a warm welcome to friends from all over the world.

After discussion.

T: All right. Please prepare to write a description of the Chinese city, province or zone. Before writing, please read the tips and follow the steps given in the textbooks.

A sample version:

Shanghai Introduction

▲Shanghai is a very beautiful and famous city.

▲Shanghai literally means “a port on the sea”. It is known as the “Oriental Pearl”.

▲Shanghai is one of the largest cities in the world with a population of 17 million people.

▲In the past 10 years, Shanghai’s GDP grew over 10% each year.

Local Area Information

Shanghai is situated on the bank of the Yangtze River Delta, with East River in the east and Hangzhou delta in the south. Housing a population of over 16 million at present, it was once a small town supported by fishing and weaving before the first Opium War. Late in 1990, the central government started developing the area, and has since became the well-known booming metropolis city.

Climate

Shanghai’s weather is moderate (annual average temperature is about 15 degrees centigrade) and the seasons are not as distinct as in the North. Shanghai is characterized by a warm spring, hot summer, cool autumn and cold winter.

Shanghai receives abundant rainfall and the average annual precipitation is over 1000 cm. The “Plum Flower Rain” season (frequent light rain) is from mid-June to early July with an average daily rainfall of 259 mm. During July and September, strong storms with torrential rain become frequent. However, it seldom snows in Shanghai.

Shanghai summers are hot and humid. July and August are Shanghai’s hottest months with average highs of 27.4 degrees centigrade.

The temperature in autumn is mild and rain is less likely than in spring and summer.

In winter, January is the coldest month, with a temperature average of 3 degrees centigrade.

All in all, it is best to go prepared with light clothing in summer and warm, heavy clothing in winter. Also, always prepare for rain by keeping an umbrella, but most hotels can equip you with one if needed!

Geography

Shanghai occupies 6,200 sq. km. and lies in central-eastern China, facing the East China Sea.

Population: 14 million

History

Shanghai began as a fishing village in the 11th century, but by the mid-18th century it was an important area for growing cotton and by the 1800s it was becoming the largest city in China. Foreigners came into Shanghai due to foreign trade after the Opium Wars. The British, along with the Americans and French, were allowed to live in certain territorial zones without being under the Chinese laws. As a result of all the foreigners, Shanghai became greatly influenced by Western culture, but things changed dramatically after Communism took over.

During the 1900s, opium sales along with the gambling and prostitution that went with it brought in very big profits. After the end of Shanghai’s subjugation by the Japanese, the Nationalist Chinese

government was given control of the city.  The foreigners no longer had control and by 1949, Shanghai was transformed by the Communist Chinese government.  As the foreigners left, the businesses that were left behind were one by one taken over by the government.  After losing ground during the Cultural Revolution from 1966 to 1976, Ding Xiaopeng’s open door policy allowed for the advancement back to being an international force in business and finance.

Culture

In recent times Shanghai has become a prominent city and a cultural center. Both Chinese and western culture have merged and developed here since the mid-19th century AD.

A) Religions

Catholicism has a long history in Shanghai dating back as early as the Ming Dynasty (1595 AD). Among Catholic churches built here is the Dongjiadu Church, which was the first Catholic Church in China. The church built in 1940 in Xujiahui district was one of the largest Catholic churches in Shanghai. The Xujiahui district used to be the largest diocese of Catholicism in China.

Shanghai also has Buddhist temples. The best are the Longhua Temple in the south, the Jade Buddha Temple in the north, and the Jing’an Temple in the middle. They are active throughout the year and ceremonies are held at Spring Festival and other holidays.

B) Architecture Styles

Shanghai is a city mixing China and European architecture styles. Some hotels, office buildings, museums and houses built by Europeans are replicas of traditional European architecture.

Traditional Chinese landscape structures, such as the Mandarin Garden, the Qiuxia Garden, the Guyi Garden, the Qushui Garden, and the Zuibaichi Garden, exemplify Chinese architectural art. The Mandarin Garden is an example of a traditional Garden. It combines Ming and Qing architecture styles. The elaborate design includes pavilions, halls, rocks, fountains, and flowing water.

C) Arts

Dramas performed in Shanghai include Kunqu, Beijing, Yue, Hu, Huai, Yong, Xi and Shao operas, as well as farce and Pingtan, Shanghai is the cradle of plays and movies.

Traditional Chinese paintings flourished in Shanghai and became a special style. Examples can be seen in the Shanghai Museum in People’s Park, which also displays comprehensive collections of jade, bronze vessels, ceramics, sculptures, money, and ancient paintings.

D) Handicrafts

Shanghai is famous for silk embroidery of the Gu family style. It was created earlier than the other four famous embroidery styles (the Su, Ting, Yue, and Shu) which were influenced by the Gu embroidery.

Production

Local products like, Gu Embroidery, also called Luxiang Yuan Embroidery, from the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), is now used in producing clothes, ornaments and bedding. Shanghai was one of the original producers and exporters of Chinese silk and silk produced here remains unique owing to its age old traditions as well as new means of production and design.

 

Step Homework: Project

After class, ask the students to study small pieces of the USA, its culture and its people and then put all the pieces together to form a more complete picture. In this project, each student should choose a different aspect of America to research and then present his or her information to the rest of the class. They can use the library or search for information on the Internet.

A sample version:

1. The area to study: an American festival

2. Thanksgiving

3. Research and presentation:

Thanksgiving

Thanksgiving Day in America is a time to offer thanks, of family gatherings and holiday meals. A time of turkeys, stuffing, and pumpkin pie. A time for Indian corn, holiday parades and giant balloons.

       So here are some holiday things for you and your family. We’ve got stories of the Pilgrims and the first Thanksgiving, turkeys to take home, holiday pictures

for the kids to print and color, tasty holiday recipes and e-greeting cards to send your friends and family. We hope you find something you like!

       Thanksgiving is celebrated on the 4th Thursday of November, which this year (2005) is November 24th.

       So bring your kids and tell your friends. And please stop by again. Don’t forget to sign our Guestbook before you leave.

 

 

   

文化背景知识

The United States

Background:

Britain’s American colonies broke with the mother country in 1776 and were recognized as the new nation of the United States of America following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. During the 19th and 20th centuries, 37 new states were added to the original 13 as the nation expanded across the North American continent and acquired a number of overseas possessions. The two most traumatic experiences in the nation’s history were the Civil War (1861-65) and the Great Depression of the 1930s. Buoyed by victories in World Wars I and II and the end of the Cold War in 1991, the US remains the world’s most powerful nation state. The economy is marked by steady growth, low unemployment and inflation, and rapid advances in technology.

Location: North America, bordering both the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada and Mexico.

Geographic coordinates: 38 00 N, 97 00 W

Area: about half the size of Russia; about three-tenths the size of Africa; about half the size of South America (or slightly larger than Brazil); slightly larger than China; almost two and a half times the size of the European Union.

total: 9,631,418 sq km

land: 9,161,923 sq km

water: 469,495 sq km

note: includes only the 50 states and District of Columbia

Climate: mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the great plains west of the Mississippi River, and arid in the Great Basin of the southwest; low winter temperatures in the northwest are ameliorated occasionally in January and February by warm chinook winds from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains.

Population: 295,734,134 (July 2005 est.)

Ethnic groups: white 81.7%, black 12.9%, Asian 4.2%, Amerindian and Alaska native 1%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.2% (2003 est.)

note: a separate listing for Hispanic is not included because the US Census Bureau considers Hispanic to mean a person of Latin American descent (including persons of Cuban, Mexican, or Puerto Rican origin) living in the US who may be of any race or ethnic group (white, black, Asian, etc.).

Languages:

English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7% (2000 census)

Administrative divisions:

50 states and 1 district; Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

National holiday: Independence Day, 4 July (1776)

Flag description: 13 equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white; there is a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing 50 small, white, five-pointed stars arranged in nine off-set horizontal rows of six stars (top and bottom) alternating with rows of five stars; the 50 stars represent the 50 states, the 13 stripes represent the 13 original colonies; known as Old Glory; the design and colors have been the basis for a number of other flags, including Chile, Liberia, Malaysia, and Puerto Rico

Agriculture products: wheat, corn, other grains, fruits, vegetables, cotton; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; forest products; fish

Economy overview:

The US has the largest and most technologically powerful economy in the world, with a per head GDP of $40,100. In this market-oriented economy, private individuals and business firms make most of the decisions, and the federal and state governments buy needed goods and services predominantly in the private marketplace. US business firms enjoy considerably greater flexibility than their counterparts in Western Europe and Japan in decisions to expand capital plant, to lay off surplus workers, and to develop new products. At the same time, they face higher barriers to entry in their rivals’ home markets than the barriers to entry of foreign firms in US markets. US firms are at or near the forefront in technological advances, especially in computers and in medical, aerospace, and military equipment; their advantage has narrowed since the end of World War II. The onrush of technology largely explains the gradual development of a “two-tier labor market” in which those at the bottom lack the education and the professional/technical skills of those at the top and, more and more, fail to get comparable pay raises, health insurance coverage, and other benefits. Since 1975, practically all the gains in household income have gone to the top 20% of households. The response to the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 showed the remarkable resilience of the economy. The war in March/April 2003 between a US-led coalition and Iraq, and the subsequent occupation of Iraq, required major shifts in national resources to the military. The rise in GDP in 2004 was under girded by substantial gains in labor productivity. The economy suffered from a sharp increase in energy prices in the second half of 2004. Long-term problems include inadequate investment in economic infrastructure, rapidly rising medical and pension costs of an aging population, sizable trade and budget deficits, and stagnation of family income in the lower economic groups.



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