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人教版新课标高中英语必修二   Unit 5 Music Section II Learning about the language学案(附答案)           ★★★
人教版新课标高中英语必修二   Unit 5 Music Section II Learning about the language学案(附答案)
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2015-08-08

Section II Learning about the language
一.课前预习
I.重点短语
1.组成     ______________________________
2.此外     ______________________________
3.第一次   ______________________________
4.制作唱片 ___________________________ ___
5.分类     ______________________________
6.熟悉     ______________________________
II. 完成句子:用上面的短语完成下列句子。
1. They _____________ many concerts since the band ___________________.
   自从那支乐队组成以来,他们举办了多次音乐会。
2. This is the first time that _________________________________________.
   这是她第一次录制唱片。
3. She felt very lonely, _________________ , she ____________________ the city.
她感到很 孤独,另外她又不熟悉那座城市。
4. Susan was very excited when she ___________________________________.
苏珊第一次参观长城时非常激动。
5. _________________________, and throw everything else away.
把你想留的东西分一下类,别的全扔掉。
6. ____________________ on the list, there are six other applicants.
除了名单上的名字外,还有六个申请人。
二.语法突破:
介词/ 短语介词 + 关系代词的定语从句
1. 直接位于介词或短语介词之后的关系代词只能是which,whom或whose+名词构成。例:
1.The girl with whom I went to the concert is my sister.
2.The service about which the customers complain a lot should be improved.
3.He is the writer from whose novel I learned a lot in those days.
4.One day we climbed up the hill, on top of which we saw a temple in the distance.
5.Look at the photo. This is Mr. Green, in front of whom sit three students.
6.They are the villagers, in whose village I taught ten years ago.
2. 直接位于介词后面的关系代词不能省略,但如果介词不位于关系代词之前时,关系代词可省略。例:
1.The woman (who/that/whom) I talked to just now is a doctor.
2.The service (which/ that) the customers complain about a lot should be improved.
3. 关系副词when, where, why 可以相应地转化为:介词+which结构。例:
1.The school where she teaches stands by the river
. =The school in which she teaches sta nds by the river.
2.Do you remember the year when our band came into being?
 =Do you remember the year in which our band came into being?
3.No one knew the reason why she was absent from class.
=No one knew the reason for which she was absent from class.
4. 有一些动词短语中的介词是固定搭配,不可以拆开,该介词不可以提前:例:
This is the disabled woman whom the girl is looking after.
5. 不定代词+of+ which/ whom 引导的定语从句可转化为of+ which/ whom+ 不定代词 结构;可用的不定代词有some, any, none, both, all, many, a few, few, a little, little, either, neither, one, 等等。
1.There are 30 students in his class, some of whom(=of whom some)are from Australia.
2.Recently I have read three novels, none of which( of which none) is interesting.
3.He is the musician, many of whose records (of whose records many )are very popular.
6. 关系代词whose+名词 引导的定语从句可转化为 the+名词+of+ which / whom 或
of+ which/whom+ the +名词结构;of 表所属关系。例:
1.She lives in a house whose windows open to the south.
= She lives in a house the windows of which(of which the windows) open to the south.
2.This is the student whose handwriting is excellent.
= This is the student the handwriting of whom (of whom the handwriting) is excellent.
7. 由介词+关系代词引导的定语从句,当主从句主语一致时,定语从句可缩略为:
介词+ which/whom+ to do 结构。
1.She bought a nice box in which to put all her necklaces.
= She bought a nice box to put all her necklaces in.
   2.I want to find a partner with whom to do this experiment.
= I want to find a partner to do this experiment with.
8.有些介词后可以接关系副词,主要取决于介词及句子意思。例:
   1.He stood by the window, from where he could see the beautiful view in the distance.
2.She came to the city in 1982, since when she has worked in a company in the city.
3.It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong  River from where it begins to where it ends.(必修1. Unit 3.)
句意:首先想到沿湄公河从源头到终点骑车旅游的是我的姐姐。
如何确定关系代词前的介词
其方法有二:
1.看定语从句的谓语动词是否与某介词产生搭配词组;例:
Do you know the man to whom sh e referred at the meeting?
本句中介词 to与从句的谓语动词referred产生搭配,故用to whom.
This is the city to which the foreign guests wish to pay a visit next week.
句中介词 to与从句的谓语动词部分pay a visit 产生搭配,故用to which.
2.看定语从句的谓语动词与先行词的关系,需要什么介词辅助;例:
I really like the beautiful dress in which Miss Rose went to the ball the other day.
从句的谓语动词went与先行词dress 之间需用介词in表示“穿着……去”,故用 in which.
Who is the girl with whom you went to the party yesterday evening?
从句的谓语动词went与先行词the girl 之间需用介词 with表示“和某人一起去”,故用 with whom.
语法专项训练
A.填入恰当的介词和关系代词
1.Do you agree to the means _______  ________ they settled the problem?
2.No one knew the reason _______  ________ John Brown was put into prison.
3.Chaplin, ________  _________ life had once been very hard, directed a film about the workers’ life in an American factor y.
4.The tall building, _________  __________ the roof can be seen from here is a church.
5.Thanks for your help __________  __________ I owed all my success.
6.Who is the girl _______  _________ you went to the concert last night?
7.I decided to write about Chaplin, one ___________  _________ films I had seen before.
8.He introduced to us a place of interest,__________  _________ he paid a visit last year.
9.China has many rivers, _________  __________ the Changjiang River is the longest.
10.I will never forget the days _______  ________ I worked in the countryside.
B.句子组合练习(找出与先行词搭配恰当的从句)
1.They held a meeting,___________.   A. most of which are very popular with young people.
2.The novel____________________.   B. at which it will be convenient to meet.
3.They built a bridge, ___________.    C. none of which suits me.
4.The band gave a lot of concerts, __.   D. in which the hospital director made a speech.
5.Please suggest a time __________.    E. for which he paid 26 Yuan is worth reading.
6.Here are some blouses, ________ .    F. through which people could go to the other side of the river.
三.课后自测
(一)基础知识自测                                               
I. 单词拼写
1.He is a person with a sense of _____________(幽默).
2.I have never found the place particularly _________________(吸引人).
3.He is learning English and French in _______________(增加).
4.These days I have been kept busy ________________(分类) out the papers.
5.He is honest, so he should ____ ___________ (履行) what he has promised.
II用介词+ 关系代词结构完成句子
  1.The speed ________________________  in this area is too high.
     你在这个地区开车的速度太快了。
2.The little boy likes reading books __________________________________.
    这个小男孩喜欢读里面有漂亮图画的书。
3.I will never forget the days _______________________________ in Africa.
我永远不会忘记我和她在非洲一起工作的那段日子。
  4.In fact, the man ______________________ in my speech is my father.
实际上,我在演讲中提到的那个人是我父亲。
  5.The building _________________________ is our school library.
顶部是红色的那幢楼房是我们学校图书馆。
  6.There are 50 students in our class, __________________________________.
我们班有五十名同学,其中九人来自澳大利亚。
III.单项选择
1.They suggested _____________ to record our songs in a studio.
  A. we go            B. we went           C. us to go           D. we would go
2. The West Lake, __________ Hangzhou is famous in China, is also very popular in the world.
A. in which          B. for that            C. in that            D. for which
3. The problem __________ much attention should be paid is on how to protect our environment.
A. for which         B. in what            C. on which          D. to which
4.It is necessary that you should ___________ the information for my reference.
  A. make up         B. break up            C. talk about         D. sort out
5. There are two thousand students in our school, __________ two thirds are girls.
A. in whom          B. at which           C. in which          D. of whom
6.Everyone gains ___________ of a language by careful study.
A. a knowledge       B. knowledge         C. knowledges       D. the knowledge
7.When the band ___________________ is still unknown to us.
  A. made up          B. was made up        C. formed up        D. added up
8.The old man went through the Second World War, _______ his family were broken up .
A. which            B. whose             C. in which          D. with which
9.Wang Fei has stopped giving concerts for several years, although her songs _________ as popular as ever.
A. belong            B. attach             C. play             D. remain
10. ---Why does she always ask you for help?
---There is no one else _______ she can turn, is there?
A. for whom         B. to whom            C. in whom         D. over whom
(二)能力提升自测
1.He lived in London for 3 years, during _____ time he learned some English.
A. this            B. which             C. that             D. same
2.____________ I saw her, she was poorly-dressed, looking like a beggar.
 A. The first time      B. For the first time    C. First time         D. At the first time
3.We have three thousand students in our school, ______, there are five foreign ones in each class.
  A. above all         B. in addition         C. first of all         D. as a result
4.China has a population of 1.3 billion,_________ one-fourth of the world’s population.
  A. adding up        B. breaking up         C. sorting out        D. making up
5.Is this the man_______________ house the police found the lost child?
  A. of whose            B. in which             C. in  whose           D. at which
6.Villagers here depend on the fishing industry, ______ there won't be much work.
A. where             B. that                  C. by which         D. without which
7.He has written a book, ___________ I have forgotten.
  A. by which name   B. by name which    C. the name of which   D. the name for which
8.Antarctic__________ most people know very little is covered with thick ice all the year round.
A. of which        B. for that       C. about which    D. from where
9.—Can you tell me where Johnson lives?
—Over there. The two storey house, ___________there is a garden.
A. near it                B. from which       C. in which             D. in front of which 10.She was lucky to have realized her _________ becoming a movie star.
 A. dream of          B. idea to            C. plan to             D. performance
11.I’m going to _____________ a few books to send to my friends working in the south.
  A. make up          B. rely on            C. pick up           D. pick out
12.The girl often earn some extra money __________ in a pub.
  A. to sing           B. for singing          C. by singing        D. on singing
13.Sixteen is a prideful age, ___________ a young man wants respect and has great curiosity.
  A. which            B. while             C. when            D. as
14.They were asked to pay the bill _______ cash, not _________ cheque.
  A. for, by           B. in, in               C. by, in           D. in, by
15.They decided to set up a club __________ they could gather some excellent athletes for the match next year. 
A. in which          B. so that            C. in order to        D. now that
(三)智能拓展训练
I. 阅读理解
   It was the first snow of winter — an exciting day for every child but not for most teachers. Up until now, I had been old enough to dress myself, but today would need some help. Miss Finlayson, my kindergarten teacher, had been through first snow days many times, but I think she may still remember this one. 
I managed to get into my wool snow trousers. But I struggled with my jacket because it didn’t fit well. It was a hand-mc-down from my brother, and it made me wonder why I had to wear his ugly clothes. At least my hat and scarf were mine, and they were quite pretty. Finally it was time to have Miss Finlayson help me with my boots(靴子). 
In her calm, motherly voice she said, “By the end of winter, you will all be able to put on your own boots.” I didn’t realize at the time that this was more a statement of hope than of confidence(信心). 
I handed her my boots and stuck out my foot. Like most children, I expected grown-ups to do all the work. After much pushing, she managed to get first one into place and then, with a sigh, worked the second one on too. 
I announced, “They’re on the wrong feet.”
She struggled to get the boots off and went through the joyless task of putting them on again.
 “They’re my brother’s boots, you know,” I said. “I hate them”. 
Somehow, from long years of practice, she managed to act as though I wasn’t an annoying(烦人的)little girl, She pushed and pushed, less gently this time. With a greater sigh, seeing the end of her struggle with me, she asked, “Now, where are your mittens(连指手套)?”
I looked into her eyes and said, “I didn’t want to lose them, so I hid them in the toes of my boots. 
1. The little girl was more satisfied with her_____.
A. trousers           B. jacket             C. boots             D. hat
2. Miss Finlayson had difficulty with the girl’s boots mainly because_____.
A. the girl got them from her brother       B. the girl put something in them
C. they were on the wrong feet            D. they did not fit the girl well
3. Why does the author say Miss Finlayson would remember that first snow day?
A. Because the little girl was in her brother’s clothes. 
B. Because it was the most exciting day of the winter . 
C. Because the little girl played a trick on her. 
D. Because the little girl wore a pretty scarf. 
4. We can learn from the text that Miss Finlayson____.
A. was losing confidence in the little girl. 
B. gradually lost patience with the little girl. 
C. became disappointed with the little girl. 
D. was getting bored with the little girl. 
II. 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
“Time and ti de wait for no man” is a terrific proverb which means that time will never stop to wait for anything or anybody.
     1       . On the one hand, some people hold the view that      2       , so they always put off doing things that should be finished today until tomorrow. On the other hand, some people believe that time is limited to everyone.     3      .
As the college examination is approaching day by day, it is high time that we should cherish(珍视) every second to study hard.     4      Just as the old saying goes, “Time is money”.      5       .  

A. But many people always think time is not limited
B. Time will never be used up
C. Different peo ple have different attitude towards time
D. I do hope every one of us will treasure the limited time to create boundless(无限的)possibilities
E. Once we lose it, it will never come back again
F. I think it is important for us to spend time learning necessary knowledge
G. Only by valuing time can we learn the necessary knowledge to make sure of our glorious future

 
Section II Learning about the language
一.课前预习
I. 重点短语:1.make up  2.in addition  3.for the first time  4.make records  5.sort out
  6. be / get famili ar with
II. 完成句子:用上面的短语完成下列句子答案:
1. have given, was made up/formed.
2. she has made records 
3. in addition, was not familiar with
4. visited the Great Wall for the first time. 
5.Sort out the things you want to keep 
6.In addition to the names
二.语法专项训练
A.填入恰当的介词和关系代词:
1. by which   2. for which  3. for whom  4.of which   5. to which  6. with whom
  7. of whose   8.to which   9.among which  10.in / during which
B.句子组合练习:1.D  2.E  3.F  4.A  5.B  6.C
三.课后自测
(一) 基础知识自测             
I. 单词拼写:1.humor  2.attractive  3.addition  4.sorting  5.perform
II用介词+ 关系代词结构完成句子:1. at which you drive your car  2. in which there are beautiful pictures.  3. in which I worked with her in Africa.  4. to whom I referred  5. the roof of which is red 6. nine of whom are from Australia.
III.单项选择
1.A 根据suggest用法,即:suggest doing/ that sb. (should) do…。
2.D  for 与从句中famous构成搭配。
3.D 从句中attention should be paid 和to是固定搭配。
4.D 词组辨析。只有选项D中sort out意为“分类、挑出”。
5.D 从句中two thirds 与先行词students构成two thirds of whom,“学生当中的三分之二”。
6.A 句中 a knowledge of…是一个词组,表示“一门语言知识”。
7.B 本句中 make up 有“组成”之意,是及物词组,与主语band构成被动关系。
8.C 选项C,in which 和从句一起意为“在二战中许多家 庭被拆散”。
9.D  填空处需要选择连系词作popular的表语,而四个选项中,只有remain是连系词,表示“仍然”,符合句意。
10.B 从句中turn 与 to构成搭配 ,意为“求助于”。
(二)能力提升自测
单项选择
1.B.此句为非限制性定语从句,关系代词which 指代先行词three years。
2.A.本句需选一个从属连词引导时间状语从句,而四个选项中,只有选项A可引导从句。
3.B.本句是词组辨析。above all “最重要”,in addition “另外”,first of all “首先”,as a result “结果”,根据句意确定B项正确。
4.D.making up有“构成”之意,而add up“加起来”,break up“拆散、解体”,sort out“分类、挑出”,均不符合题意。
5.C.从句谓语found 与先行词man以及 house之间 需要介词in辅助,表示在那个人的房子里。
6.D.从句谓语部分与先行词fishing industry之间需介词without辅助,表示“没有渔业就不会有太多的工作可做”。
7.C.表示“书的名字”。
8.C.从句谓语动词部分know very little与about构成搭配,表示“对了解甚少”。
9.D.从句意为“房前有个大花园“,故选答案为D。
10.A.根据句意是“实现她成为影星的梦想“。
11.D.动词词组辨析。句意:“挑选几本书寄给在南方工作的朋友。”make up“组成”,rely on“依靠”,pick up“拾起”,pick out“挑出”。故选D。
12.C.表示“通过手段、凭借”。
13.C.先行词age表示“……期间”,从句描写的情况发生在age表示的时间期间,故用关系副词when 。
14.D.本句考查介词搭配,in cash(用现金), by cheque(用支票)均属固定搭配。
15.B.本句是目的状语从句,故选答案为B。
(三)智能拓展训练
I. 阅读理解
   本文记述了一个调皮的小女孩在某一年下了第一场雪之后,折腾她的老师为她穿靴子的故事,生动地表现了老师对学生的耐心帮助和体贴之情。
1.D.细节理解题。根据文中第二段可知帽子是她自己的而且很漂亮,而夹克和靴子是她哥哥穿过的,她根本不喜欢。
2.B.推理判断题。文章末尾说明了靴子难穿上的主要原因是手套在里。
3.C.推理判断题。通读全文可知调皮的小女孩捉弄了她的老师。
4.B.推理判断题。文章倒数第二段中act as though I wasn’t an annoying little girl以及 With
a greater sigh都表明老师有点儿不耐烦了。
II. 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项答案:1.C  2.B  3.E  4.G  5.D

 



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