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2018-2019学年10月广州四校联考八年级质量检测英语试题与答案           ★★★
2018-2019学年10月广州四校联考八年级质量检测英语试题与答案
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2018/10/15 17:09:44

2018学年广州四校联考八年级质量检测
2018学年八年级质量检测
            英语试题
注意:1、考试时间为90分钟,满分为100分。
2、试卷分为第卷(选择题)与第卷(非选择题)两部分。
3、选择题答案必须用2B铅笔在答题卡客观题答题区内对应题号填涂,非选择题需在答题卡主观题答题区指定位置作答,并使用黑色签字笔,切勿使用涂改液或涂改带。
第一部分  选择题(70分)
第二部分  语言知识与应用(总分60分)
第一节  单项选择(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
(    ) 11. — _____________ have you been here? —Since 2011.
A. When       B. Where      C. How soon      D. How long
(    ) 12. —How long have you _________ the book?  —I _____________ it a few days ago.
A. kept; borrowed              B. borrowed; borrowed
C. kept; have borrowed         D. borrowed; have borrowed
(    ) 13. She ___________ as a nurse since she _________ college.
A. worked; left     B. has worked; left    C. worked; has left    D. has worked; has left
(    ) 14. Mr. Brown ____________ China _____________ . He loves Chinese food very much.
A. has been in; for 2 years ago          B. has come to China; for 2 years
C. has been in; since 2 years ago        D. has came to china; since 2 years before
(    ) 15. Judy ___________ the Great Wall twice, and now she still ___________ to go there.
A. went to; wanted       B. goes to; wants    C. has gone to; wants     D. has been to; wants
(    ) 16. The thief ordered the old woman ___________ .
A. to not moving        B. not moving       C. not to move     D. to not move
(    ) 17. The concert is a great __________ .
A. successful        B. successor       C. success    D. succeed
(    ) 18. This kind of shirt looks ____________ and sells ___________ .
A. nice ; good       B. nice; well       C. well; well       D. good; nice
(    ) 19. The supermarket is ______________ from 8:00 A. m. to 9:00 p.m.
A. opening          B. opened        C. open         D. openly
(    ) 20. Remember to ___________ your wallet with you if you want to buy something.
A. take        B. bring       C. open     D. carry
第二节  语法选择(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)。
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,选出最佳选项。
When you step into a new environment, you must have a strong wish to fit in. Fitting in means making more friends,___21___ more influence(影响)on others and getting more chances to live a happier life. Here is some ___22___ that can help you.
Be confident. Confidence attracts most people. Everyone is special and there is only one person like you in this world. ___23___ some time thinking about your strong points. If so, you will be able to build up confidence step by step. You won’t have lots of trouble ___24___ .
Be kind ___25___ everyone. Kindness is the bridge to your own happiness. When people notice your kindness, they will return it one day. Always give more than you receive, and think more of others than of ___26___ . A person who cares for others is popular everywhere.
Be active in group activities. various activities like playing football can help you to be known to others. You may add more friends to your circle. At the same time, you will be ___27___ to see how much they like you. Instead of wasting time being alone, go out to dance and sing together with ___28___ to develop friendship.
Be optimistic(乐观的). Optimism makes both you and other people feel pleased. It makes a good first impression. A pleasant smile costs the ___29___ and does the most. Humor(幽默)catches others’ attention, ___30___. People will like you for making them live happily.
If you follow what is mentioned above, you will be accepted by people around you. As a result, you will fit in very well and enjoy your new life.
(    ) 21. A. had        B. to have        C. having           D. have
(    ) 22. A. advice     B. advices       C. suggestions     D. suggestion
(    ) 23. A. Cost        B. Take           C. Spend            D. Pay
(    ) 24. A. to fit in     B. fitting in      C. fitted in          D. fit in
(    ) 25. A. in            B. at              C. on                D. to
(    ) 26. A. ourselves    B. yourself      C. your             D. you
(    ) 27. A. surprising   B. surprise       C. surprisedly    D. surprised
(    ) 28. A. other         B. the other      C. another         D. others
(    ) 29. A. little          B. less            C. least            D. fewest
(    ) 30. A. too            B. as well as     C. either           D. also
第三节  完形填空(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,选出最佳选项。
Life is not easy, so I’d like to say “When anything happens, believe in yourself.” When I was a young boy. I was___31___ shy to talk to anyone. My classmates often ___32___ me. I was sad but could do nothing. Later, ___33___ happened, and it changed my life. It was an English speech competition. My mother asked me to ___34___ it. What a terrible idea! It meant I had to speak ___35___ all the teachers and students of my school!
   “Come on ,boy. Believe in yourself. You are sure to win.” Then mother and I talked about many different topics. At last I ___36___ the topic “Believe in yourself”. I tried my best to remember all the speech and practiced it over 100 times. With my mother’s great love, I did ___37___ in the contest. I could hardly believe my ears when the new came that I had ___38___ the first place. I heard the cheers from the teachers and students. Those classmates who once looked down on me, now all said “Congratulations!” to me. My mother hugged me and cried excitedly.
___39___ then, everything has changed for me. When I do anything. I try to tell ___40___ to be sure and I will find myself. This is true not only for a person but also for a country.
(    ) 31. A. too              B. so               C. quite              D. very
(    ) 32. A. made faces at    B. looked after     C. caught up with     D. laughed at
(    ) 33. A. nothing           B. something       C. everything          D. anything
(    ) 34. A. take part in       B. join               C. get                   D. make
(    ) 35. A. with               B. to                  C. among              D. before
(    ) 36. A. brought           B. reached           C. thought            D. chose
(    ) 37. A. well               B. good               C. bad                 D. interested
(    ) 38. A. lost                B. won                C. passed             D. beaten
(    ) 39. A. Except            B. Since               C. Before             D. From
(    ) 40. A. someone          B. me                 C. everyone          D. myself
第四节 阅读理解 (共20小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,根据短文内容选择最佳选项。
(A)
Joe Smith was the coach of a football team. In the summer, Joe and his family were spending their holidays in a small town. One rainy afternoon, it was too wet for them to go out to do something interesting, so the family decided to go to the cinema. Joe, his wife and their three children went to the only cinema in the town, bought tickets and went into the hall. The lights were still on, and when the people in the cinema saw them, they started clapping(鼓掌). Joe felt very surprised, and then he gave them a smile and turned to his wife, “Aha, I can’t believe they know me and I’m getting a warm welcome here,” he said, “I think they have seen my games on TV.”
They sat down and then a young man came and gave out his hand. “Thanks a lot!” said the coach, “I just can’t believe you know who I am.” “All I know,” answered the young man, “It’s that they wouldn’t show the film until at least ten people bought tickets.”
(    ) 41. Joe and his family couldn’t go out for anything that day because ________.
A. the town was too small            B. it was sunny in the afternoon
C. there was a wonderful film        D. the weather was bad
(    ) 42. Joe felt _______when some people warmly greeted(招呼)him.
A. worried        B. angry       C. surprised       D. sad
(    ) 43. There were only ________people in the cinema before the coach’s family arrived.
A. four          B. five        C. ten           D. fifteen
(    ) 44. When Joe and his family got to the cinema ____________.
A. all the tickets had been sold out
B. the film had been on for quite some time
C. people in the cinema were waiting anxiously(焦急的)
D. everyone in the cinema was clapping
(    ) 45. Why did the people in the cinema welcome Joe and his family so warmly?
A. Because he was the coach of a football team.
B. Because he and his family were new-comers in the small town.
C. Because they had seen Joe’s games on TV.
D. Because they could not see the film until enough people had arrived.
( B )
The Grade 3 students at the clean City School collect empty bottles. In June, they are going to sell the bottles and buy some books for the school library.
Kamir has started a graph to show the number of the bottles they have collected. This is the graph.
The Months of the School Year
(    ) 46. The students collected ___________ more bottles in December than in January.
A.10            B. 20          C. 30         D. 40
(    ) 47. Form the graph above, we know that the students picked up the same number of bottles in _____and _____ .
A. October, February      B. September, April   C. November, May         D. January, March
(    ) 48. Why do the students collect empty bottles? Because they ____________.
A. want to do something for their school        B. like empty bottle very much
C. want to play with the bottles                D. want to sell them to buy balls
(    ) 49. How many bottles have they collected in October?
A.20      B. 40       C. 60       D. 80
(    ) 50. In ____________,the students collected the least empty bottles.
A. February      B. March        C. September      D. October
( C )
Right in the middle of the town are some long ponds(池). They are only about half a foot deep. The men of Symi dug out the earth to make the ponds.
Over each pond is a low cover. It is made of glass that you can see through.
At night, sea water is taken into the ponds. The next day, the hot sun shines through the covers, the sun light turns the water into vapor(蒸汽)that goes up from the ponds. The salt is left behind.
As it goes up, the vapor becomes mist(雾). On the inside of each cover, the little drops of mist run together to make big drops. These run down the sides of the cover, filling another pond with fresh(淡)water.
The salt left behind in the pond is washed out each night. Then more sea water is taken in. The factory is ready for the next day’s work.
The covers and other parts of the factory cost very little. Sea water and sun cost nothing. Most people of Symi are poor. So to them this new way of getting fresh water seems wonderful! 
(    ) 51. The men of Symi ___________.
A. dug some long ponds to make earth    
B. dug some deep ponds in the middle of the town
C. dug some long ponds in the middle of the town
D. dug some earth out of the deep ponds
(    ) 52. What makes the water turn into vapor?
A. The glass cover       B. The bad weather     C. The salt water     D. The sun light
(    ) 53. Where are the little drops made into big drops?
A. In the ponds with fresh water      B. On the inside of the covers.
C. As the vapor goes up.            D. On the walls of the salt water ponds.
(    ) 54. Which picture shows the right way to get fresh water?
(    ) 55. Which of the following is NOT true?
A. The sea water is taken into the ponds at night every day.
B. There is a very big river running through the town to the sea.
C. The people in Symi can get fresh water from the factory.
D. People may see the water in the ponds through the cover.
阅读短文及文后选项,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
( D )
When you are learning English, reading plays a very important role. When you read, you can not only learn some new words, but also learn how to use these English words in writhing. Here are some good reading tips for you.
Try to read at the right level. Read something that you can understand. ___56___
Try to increase the number of your new words. If there are four or five new words on a page, write them in your notebook. ___57___ . Instead, try to guess their meanings as you read and mark them with a pen. Then come back when you have finished reading to look them up in a dictionary and write them in your own vocabulary book. Then try to remember them.
____58___ . For example, read for a short time once a day. Fifteen minutes every day is better than two hours every Sunday. Fix a time to read and keep to it. You could read for fifteen minutes when you go to bed, or when you get up or lunchtime.
___59___ . Choose a book or a magazine about a subject that you like, because you are going to spend time and money reading it. Therefore, choose an interesting one. You can also read newspapers. There are many English newspapers in China. ___60___ .
A. But you don’t have to write them while you are reading.
B. Try to read regularly(有规律地)
C. For example, 21st Century Teens is easy enough for you to understand and there is always something interesting in it.
D. If you need to stop very three words to use a dictionary, it is not interesting.
E. Read what interests you.
第二部分  非选择题(30分)
第三部分  写作部分(总分30分)
第一节  单词拼写(共5小题:每小题1分,满分5分)
61. I want to join the a ___________ and help protect our country.
62. Don’t p ___________ my hair. It hurts.
63. Some people thought Tom was s ___________, but I thought he was very clever.
64. When you say the room is h ___________, you mean it is very big.
65. The w ___________ of the speaking competition are two students from class 10.
第二节  完成句子(共10个空:每空1分,满分10分。)
66. 最后,我们在篮球赛中获胜了。
_________ __________ ____________, we won the basketball match.
67. 这部电影除了结尾之外都很好。
The movie was good _________ _________ the ending.
68. 取笑残疾人是不礼貌的。
It is impolite to ________ _________ _______ the disabled.
69. 谁愿意上前表演这段对话。
Who want to ________ _______ the dialogue in the front?
第三节  背书题(共5小题:每小题1分,满分5分。)
___70___, the main square was empty, except for the huge horse. Suddenly a secret door opened on the side of the wooden horse. The horse ___71___ Greek soldiers! They quietly climbed out of the horse ___72___ .
....
For ten years, the Greeks could not capture the city ___73___ In one night, however, they ___74___ capturing it through a clever trick.
第四节  书面表达 (10分)
假设一位叫Sammy的交换生在你家住过几个月,请根据下面的内容提示,向校报写一篇关于德国的交换生Sammy的英语短文,70-80词。短文开头已给出,不计入总次数。
姓名:Sammy
国籍:德国
年龄:14岁
性格:外向(outgoing)
学习收获
1. 汉语水平有了很大的提高(make progress)
2. 游览了广州的很多风景名胜
3. 了解了许多关于中国的文化和习俗
4. 和我成为了朋友。现在通过email保持联系
Now more and more exchange students come to our country. Sammy is one of them.
________________________________________________________________________________


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