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八年级英语 Units 1-8 综合单元能力测试题附答案           ★★★
八年级英语 Units 1-8 综合单元能力测试题附答案
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2018/10/15 17:08:27


八年级英语 Units 1-8 综合单元能力测试题
笔试部分(85分)
I. 词汇运用。(15分)
i. 同义替换。(共8小题,每小题1分)
(  ) 1. The man is very wise, and he often helps people solve some difficult problems.
     A. strong          B. Silly          C. clever          
(  ) 2. When I realized my mistake, it was too late for me to correct it.
    A. disagreed        B. Understood     C. made
(  ) 3. The computer is expensive and I am not able to buy it.
    A. at a high price     B. at a low price       C. with good quality   
(  ) 4. His new invention is beautiful but its not practical.
     A. Useful         B. Cheap         C. strange
(  ) 5. The movie is fantastic, and all of my best friends like it.
    A. wonderful        B. Friendly     C. comfortable  
    (  ) 6. He looks stupid. In fact, he is very clever.
    A. smart            B. Foolish      C. excited   
(  ) 7. Could you lend some notes to me? I only have some coins with me.
   A. paper money       B. Wallets      C. treasure  
(  ) 8. He has several pens. So I can borrow one from him.
    A. any             B. Few        C. some        
ii. 词汇释义。(共3小题,每小题1分)
(  ) 9. A(n) ____ is a written or spoken explanation at the beginning of a book or speech.
   A. Introduction         B. Agreement       C. advertisement
(  ) 10. A(n) _____ means a person who is in someone’s home by invitation, either for a short
    time or to stay.
    A. loser              B. Actor           C. guest             
(  ) 11. If something is ______, it is very big and hard to move.
    A. wide              B. Huge          C. small
iii. 根据上下文线索猜词。(共4小题,每小题1分)
(  ) 12. The song is ______ among young people. They like it very much.
    A. popular         B. Special         C. different
(  ) 13. My father likes to ______ things in his free time. He often makes some things people have never seen.
    A. challenge            B. Develop          C. invent
(  ) 14. The bird has two beautiful ____, and they can help it fly high in the sky.
     A. ears             B. Wings            C. legs
(  ) 15. Weve grown up. We should learn to think by ourselves and not always ____ our parents.
    A. take on           B. depend on         C. look on
II. 语法填空。(每小题1分,共l 0分)
  阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。
When I’m growing up, I don’t hear the words “I love you” from my father. If your father never says them (16) ____ you when you are a child, it’ll get harder and harder for him to say those words as he gets (17) _____ (old). I cant remember when I last (18) ____ (say) those words to him either. I decided (19) ____ (make) the first move. In the next phone conversation I Said, “Dad … I love you!”
There was a silence(沉默)at the other end and Dad was (20) ______ (surprise) to answer, “Well, the same back to you!”
“Dad, I know you love me; you will say what you want to say,” I cried.
Fifteen (21) ____ (minute) later my mother called and nervously asked, Paul, (22) ____ (be) everything OK?
A few weeks later, on the phone my father said, “Paul, I love you.” I was at work (23) ____ the tears were running in my eyes as I (24) _____ (final) heard the love. As we both sat there in tears we knew that this special moment took our relationship to (25) _____ new way. Both of us were glad to see that.
III. 完形填空。 (每小题1.5分, 共1 5分)
  阅读下面短文, 从短文后所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。
When Juliet was a baby turtle(海龟), her mother protected her all day long so that__26__would
hurt her. But as she grew older, she enjoyed __27__ by herself to explore(探索)new beaches.
  She wanted to get a vehicle(车辆)to explore the world, for turtles were very, very __28__. So she asked her mother to buy her a moped (机动脚踏两用车)so that she could go off and explore
new lands. But Juliet’s mother __29__. “I’m not going
to buy you a moped because it's very dangerous for turtles --- it is not made for us.
  Juliet was __30__ about this, so she decided to __31__ an old moped herself. Finally, Juliet found an old moped near the beach. Without a second thought, she took it and went off. As she rode, the moped was going very __32__, and it was getting more and more difficult to __33__.
Suddenly, a bird flew onto Juliet. s face and made her fall over. She broke a leg and with great
__34__ , Juliet crawled (爬行) back to the beach to see her mother, who was very worried about her.
“Mum, I’ve learnt my __35__. Mopeds aren’t made for turtles. We move slowly, but the important thing is to be safe.”
(  ) 26. A. anything      B. nothing      C. something
(  ) 27. A. going out     B. setting for   C. leaving off
(  ) 28. A. smart        B. fast         C. slow
(  ) 29. A. agreed       B. refused      C. thought
(  ) 30. A. unhappy B. pleased      C. excited
(  ) 31. A. buy        B. look up       C. look for
(  ) 32. A. fast        B. slowly       C. carefully
(  ) 33. A. solve          B. control      C. catch
(  ) 34. A. speed         B. difference  C. difficulty
(  ) 35. A. class       B. chance        C. lesson
IV. 阅读理解。(每小题1.5分,共30分)
  阅读下列短文,从下面每小题的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项.
A
When Chloe arrives home from school, she always makes a cup of coffee and then goes to her bedroom. This is her favorite time of day. The house is quiet and she can play with her pet rats (鼠) — Zena and Roxy. Most people don’t like rats; they think rats are dirty. A year ago, Chloe didn’t like rats either. Then one day, her friend Martin showed Chloe his pet rats and Chloe saw how  clever and lovely they were.
  “If you can have cats and dogs as pets, then why not rats? she thought. When one of Martins rats had babies, Chloe asked her mum if she could have two pet rats as her birthday present. Her mum and dad didnt like the idea, but then Chloe got an excellent school report and they decided
to give Chloe the present she wanted.
  Theres one very important rule, said Chloes mum. The rats live in your bedroom and they never go to other rooms, especially not the kitchen!
   In her room, Chloe made a small swing (秋千) in the rats’ cage. Roxy and Zena like it very much. Roxy loves to explore. She climbs on the furniture and goes under Chloe’s bed. Zena is quieter and likes sitting on Chloe’s shoulder when Chloe sends messages to her friends or reads a book.
(  ) 36. Why did Chloe choose rats as her pets?
A. Because she didnt like rats before.
B. Because she thought rats were lovely and clever.
C. Because her friend asked her to do so.
D. Because she didn't have other choices.
(  ) 37. What can we know from the first sentence in the second paragraph?
A. Nobody likes rats as pets.
B. Cats and dogs are peoples best pets.
C. Its OK to have rats as pets.
D. We cant have rats as pets.
(  ) 38. Why did Chloes parents allow her to keep rats as pets?
A. Because they also liked pet rats.
B. Because they didnt want to buy her a present.
C. Because they thought rats were very clever and lovely.
D. Because Chloe did very well at school.
(   ) 39. What is Roxy like?
A. Active.         B. Quiet.
C. Clever.          D. Lazy.
(   ) 40. Which of the following is TRUE?
A. Zena and Roxy are Chloes classmates.
B. Rats are the best pets.
C. Chloe spent too much time on her pets.
D. Not all people like rats.
B
Penguins(企鹅) learn how to swim
A zoo in England sets up a school for its little penguins. Workers there help penguins to learn how to swim and hunt. If penguins are not good at swimming and hunting, they will not catch anything. The penguins arc called the Humboldt Penguins. These endangered (濒危的) animals mainly live in South America and the zoo in England has over 40 of them.
The big bird in the streets
Busy traffic could be quite unpleasant and it got even worse when a big bird ran among the cars. It is unknown where the ostrich (鸵鸟) ran away from but people from a Chinese city would never forget its crazy run. The ostrich was almost as fast as the police cars. It was difficult to catch it. But in the end, they caught the big bird.
Birds stopped a building project
A building project in a Chinese city was stopped because of some surprising guests. Thousands of birds began to build their nests in the ground foundations (基础) which cover an area as large as a football field. Local people said this kind of birds normally
built nests in mud (泥) and they were here to have little birds and raise them. The work on the building will start again when the young birds will be able to fly.
(   ) 41. What can penguins learn at the school?
A. To jump and swim.
  B. To swim and hunt.
  C. To jump and sing.
D. To sing and hunt.
(   ) 42. What can we know about the Humboldt Penguins?
A. T5hey mainly live in the zoo.
  B. They live in North America.
  C. They are in danger now.
  D. They can swim and hunt well.
(   ) 43. What can we know from the second passage?
  A. Where the ostrich ran away from.
  B. The ostrich ran fast on the road.
  C. People didn't catch the bird at last.
  D. The ostrich died in the end.
(   ) 44. What does the underlined word guests refer to?
  A. Some birds.
  B. Foreigners.
  C. Workers.
  D. Local people.
(   ) 45. Which is TRUE according to the passages?
   A. The building will start again when winter comes,
   B. The ostrich ran faster than the police cars.
   C. There is a school for students in a British zoo.
   D. Local people said the birds were here to have little birds and raise them.
C
Is it true or false? Is A or C the right answer? How do I solve this problem? What do I write for this passage? Argh! Im running out of time!  If I fail this test, my parents are going to be mad!
  Tests! They can be totally stressful(压力大的)!
  Do you know that these days students in the US take more tests than ever before? It seems that no matter what grade or school you’re in, youre always taking tests. And if you get nervous before and during a test, youre not alone! In fact, even students who do very well in schoolwork have trouble in exams. Test taking can be much easier and less stressful if you pick up some useful habits and skills.
  Kitty, 11, said, When I know I am going to have a test, I do get pretty stressed sometimes. But if I prepare for the exam well, I will not be so stressed. So the best thing to do is to stay at school and prepare for the exam.
Alyssa, 12, said, When I get stressed during a test, I will stop to take a couple of deep breaths. It usually helps.
Lily, 10, said I get nervous only in the ISTEP test. But how do I deal with it? I tell myself that I can do it. When you come across a difficult problem, pass it and come back later, or guess.
(   ) 46. Whats the function of the first paragraph?
A. To introduce how to solve problems.
B. To lead to the topic.
C. To show us how to take a task.
D. To explain the disadvantages of test.
(   ) 47. What does the underlined sentence youre not alone mean?
A. It means that only you are worried in a test.
B. It means that most of the students are not afraid of tests.
C. It means that excellent students are good at tests,
D. It means that many students are nervous before or during tests.
(   ) 48. What is Kittys advice?
A. Guessing the answer when youre not sure.
B. Taking deep breath when you feel nervous.
C. Preparing for the exam well.
D. Asking your classmates for help before tests.
(   ) 49. What will Alyssa do when she feels stressed during a test?
A. She will ask her parents for advice.
B. She will listen to some light music.
C. She will take some deep breaths and calm down.
D. She will tell herself that she can do it.
(   ) 50. What does the passage mainly talk about?
A. Why students feel stressful about test taking.
B. How to succeed in tests.
C. The way to feel less stressful about test taking.
D. The way to answer difficult questions in tests.
D
Modern graffiti (涂鸦) began in big cities in the United States in the 1970s. In New York, young people wrote their names or “tags” (标签) on walls around the city.
A teenager called Demetrius wrote his tag “TAKI 183” on walls and in stations in New York, Other teenagers saw Demetrius’s tag and started writing their tags too. Soon, there were tags on walls, buses and trains all over New York,
Then, some teenagers started writing their tags with aerosol (喷雾器) paint. Their tags were bigger and more colourful. Aerosol paint graffiti became very popular in the 1970s and 1980s.
In some countries, writing or painting on walls is a crime. Sometimes, graffiti artists have problems with the police. In other countries, artists can draw and paint in certain places. For example, in Sao Paulo, Brazil, street artists can paint pictures on walls and houses. Some tourists visit Sao Paulo just to see the street art! In Bristol, UK, there is a street art festival in August every year. Artists paint all the buildings in a street. Lots of people come to see and take photos.
(   ) 51. Where did the modern graffiti start?
A. In Brazil.
B. In Britain.
C. In America.
D. In Denmark.
(   ) 52. How long is the history of modern graffiti?
A. About ten years.
B. About thirty years.
C. About forty years.
D. About sixty years.
(   ) 53. What does the underlined word crime mean?
A. Activities that are good for all the people.
B. Activities that are against the law.
C. Popular art.
D. A new fashion.
(   ) 54. Where can NOT we see graffiti according to the passage?
A. Buses.            
B. Walls.
C. Trains.            
D. Planes.
(   ) 55. What can we know from the passage?
A. Graffiti is only popular in western countries.
B. Writing or painting on walls is OK in all countries.
C. Many people like this kind of street art.
D. Only teenagers like graffiti in America.
V. 书面表达。(共1 5分)
伟大的发明在我们生活中随处可见, 请同学们根据下面的图片以及内容提示, 以“The most useful invention”为题, 写一篇作文。要求: 80词左右。
内容提示:
1. Which invention do you think is the most useful?
2. Which invention has changed your life the most?
3. What does this invention help people do?
4. How often do you use this invention?
5. What would the world be like without this invention?
生词: necessary必要的
                      The most useful invention


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