|作者：佚名 文章来源：网络 点击数： 更新时间：2018/12/3 15:41:19 |
命题人: 张晓瑜 郭新敏 审题人：黄晓洁
第一卷 选择题部分 (满分80分)
第一节 单项填空 (共10小题；每小题1分，满分10分)
1. The students were completely ________ by the story he made up because they are too young and have no social experience.
A．taken up B．taken in C．taken off D．taken out
2.When I was in hospital，my mother made a promise that she would take me to Qingdao ________ I was well enough to travel，which ________ my recovery.
A．shortly; devotes to B．at once; stick to
C．immediate; linked to D．directly; contributed to
3. It is demanded that the man ________ to blame for the traffic accident.
A．referring to not B．referring to as not
C．referred to not be D．referred to not being
4.—I can't help but feel very ________ about the matter. Linda, my dear, tell me the truth.
—Oh，Mum，there is nothing between Tom and me.
A. enthusiastic B．sceptical C．eager D．concerned
5. —Is Professor Smith ______ this afternoon?
—Sorry, he might be ______ with work the whole afternoon.
A. convenient; busy B. possible; busy C. busy; free D. available; occupied
6. _______ confidence resulted in his failure in the interview.
A. A lack of B. Lack for C. Lacking of D. Being lacked
7. The president stated that his country would not ________ anybody who raised a hand against their Allies.
A．tolerate B．oppose C．approve D．accuse
8. Only after ________ carrying out the plan, ________.
A. she assisted me on; I was able to complete the task
B. she assisted me in; was I able to complete the task
C. she helped me on; was I able to complete the task
D. did she help me in; I was able to complete the task
9. You can say you have made it ______when you can _______ what you have learned ______ practice.
A. yours; apply; to B. yourself; put; to
C. all yourself; apply; for D. yours; use; to
10. Dressed in a newly-bought skirt, _________.
A. I could hardly recognize her B. nobody could recognize her
C. she could hardly be recognized by me D. there was nobody who could recognize her
第二节 完形填空 (共20小题；每小题1.5分，满分30分)
Generally, a British is widely regarded as a quiet, shy and conservative（保守的）person who is 11 only among those with whom he is familiar. When a stranger is present, he often seems nervous, 12 embarrassed. You have to take a commuter train any morning or evening to 13 the truth of this. Serious-looking businessmen and women sit reading their newspapers or 14 in a corner; hardly anybody talks, since to do so would be considered quite offensive（冒犯的）.
15 , there is an unwritten but clearly understood code of behavior, which, once 16 , makes the offender immediately the object of 17 .
One of the few things we can say about the British with certainty is that a British 18 the discussion of their weather and that, if given a chance, he will talk about it 19 . Some people argue that it is because the British weather 20 follows forecast and thus becomes a source of interest to everyone. This may be so. Certainly a British cannot have much 21 in the weathermen, whose predictions, in many cases, 22 to be wrong! The man in the street seems to be as accurate – or as inaccurate – as the weathermen in his 23 . Foreigners may be surprised at the number of references 24 weather that the British make to each other in the course of a single day. Very often traditional greetings are 25 by comments on the weather. “Nice day, isn’t it?” “Beautiful day!” may well be heard instead of “Good morning, how are you?”. 26 the foreigner may consider this exaggerated (夸大) and comic, it is worthwhile pointing out that it could be used to his 27 . If he wants to start a conversation with a British but is 28 to know where to begin, he could do well to mention the state of the weather. It is a(n) 29 subject to which a response may well be 30 of even the most reserved of the British.
11. A. relaxed B. frustrated C. amused D. exhausted
12. A. yet B. otherwise C. even D. so
13. A. experience B. witness C. watch D. undertake
14. A. whispering B. murmuring C. dozing D. laughing
15. A. Hopefully B. Exactly C. Frequently D. Obviously
16. A. developed B. observed C. followed D. broken
17. A. doubt B. argument C. criticism D. praise
18. A. dislikes B. likes C. judges D. forecasts
19. A. at length B. at last C. at most D. at least
20. A. always B. often C. constantly D. seldom
21. A. faith B. relief C. honor D. credit
22. A. put out B. make out C. turn out D. find out
23. A. consideration B. prediction C. approval D. appreciation
24. A. about B. on C. in D. to
25. A. started B. conducted C. replaced D. proposed
26. A. Since B. Although C. However D. Only if
27. A. benefit B. advantage C. disadvantage D. favor
28. A. at a loss B. in detail C. in groups D. on occasion
29. A. avoidable B. steady C. optional D. safe
30. A. expected B. asked C. wished D. reminded
第二部分 阅读理解（共20小题； 满分40分）
These are words that attempt to express the unique trip of a lifetime. Experience the Grand Canyon as eagles do soaring, turning, rising, descending. Don’t miss this experience. The following helps you book your helicopter tour.
Helicopter Aerial Tour
Explore the Grand Canyon from the eyes of the eagle. A wonderful 12-15-munite helicopter tour will soar through the canyon for an aerial experience of wonderful views. Our GCW aerial tour is not available anywhere else in the world! Ticket $120 per person plus 10% tax. Please call us at 1-888-868-9378 for seasonal rates, specials or to book by phone.
Helicopter -Pontoon Tour
Helicopter tour starts at Grand Canyon, West Rim. Take a 4000-foot descent to the Colorado River below. Helicopters descend 4000 feet from the canyon rim to the banks of the Colorado River where visitors can enjoy a 15-20-munite pontoon boat ride down the Colorado. Ticket: $150 per person plus 10% tax.
Champagne Helicopter Tour
Experience the beauty of the Grand Canyon: Soar above the Hoover Dam and the dead volcanoes. You go aboard a million-dollar helicopter with all forward facing seats allowing 180 degrees of views in air-conditioned comfort. You will see the Hoover Dam, the Colorado River, the Grand Canyon and more! You land to have a romantic champagne picnic lunch at the Grand Canyon.
Las Vegas Adventure Tour
Helicopter tour to Grand Canyon West include a wonderful Las Vegas Adventure Tour. Aerial sightseeing tours originating in Las Vegas, Nevada include breathtaking views of Lake Mead, the Mohave Desert, and the west rim of the Grand Canyon. Aerial tours including round trip as well as combination tours attract many visitors.
Visitors arriving at the Hualapai Nation’s Grand CanyonWestAirport may select one from activities above.
31. If the helicopter lands on the banks of the Colorado River you will ___________.
A. visit the Hoover Dam B. have a romantic picnic lunch
C. enjoy a pontoon boat ride D. catch sight of Lake Mead
32. How much should be paid if a couple wants to take a 13-minute helicopter tour?
A. 132 dollars B. 264 dollars C. 300 dollars D. 120 dollars
33. Which tour may be the most comfortable?
A. Helicopter Aerial Tour B. Las Vegas Adventure Tour
C. Champagne Helicopter Tour D. Helicopter—Pontoon Tour
Are you able to tell if people are lying? There is a piece of good news that a technology company is developing a lie detector app for smart phones that could be used by parents, teachers and Internet daters. The app measures blood flow in the face to assess whether or not you are telling the truth. Its developers say that it could be used for Internet daters wanting to see if somebody really is interested in them. Parents could use it on their children to see if they are lying, and teachers could work out which pupils are truthful.
The app is being developed by Toronto startup NuraLogix and the app is called Transdermal Optical Imaging. The idea is that different human feelings create different facial blood flow patterns that we have no control over. These patterns change if we are telling the truth or telling a lie, using footage（一组镜头） from the smart phone camera, the app will see the changes in skin colour and compare them to standardized results.
A study finds that anger is connected with more facial blood flow and redness while sadness is connected with less of both.
Kang Lee, who has been researching the field for 20 years, said that the lie detector test will let you find out the truth remotely and secretly. He said: “It could be very useful, for example, for teachers. A lot of our students have math anxiety, but they do not want to tell us because that’s embarrassing.”
Lee added that the technology would not replace lie detectors used in a court of law. He said: "They want the accuracy to be extremely high, like genetic tests-a one-in-a-million error rate. Our technique won't be able to achieve an extremely high accuracy level, so because of that, I don't think it's useful for the courts. He added that it will be a few years before the dating app is available to consumers.
34. What is the first paragraph mainly about?
A. The operation process of the app.
B. The history of a technology company.
C. The functions and applications of the app.
D. The origin and development of the new technology.
35. What do we know about the app?
A. Its accuracy is the same as genetic tests.
B. It can help teachers pick out the honest pupils.
C. It will help see the structures of human skin.
D. It has been already on the market for a few years.
36. What can we learn from the text?
A. The technology will be applied to the medical field.
B. The technology will replace lie detectors in the court of law,
C. Different human feelings have nothing to do with facial blood flow patterns.
D. Sadness is related to less facial blood flow and redness when compared with anger.
37. What is the best title for the text?
A. The Story about Kang Lee B. The Disadvantages of New Technology
C. Various Smart Phones D. A Developing App for Smart Phones
We know the famous ones — the Thomas Edisons and the Alexander Graham Bells — but what about the less famous inventors? What about the people who invented the traffic light and the windshield wiper（雨刮器）? Shouldn’t we know who they are?
Joan Mclean thinks so. In fact, Mclean, a professor of physics at Mountain University in Range, feels so strongly about this matter that she’s developed a course on the topic. In addition to learning “who” invented “what”, however, Mclean also likes her students to learn the answers to the “why” and “how” questions. According to Mclean, “When students learn the answers to these questions, they are better prepared to recognize opportunities for inventing and more motivated to give inventing a try.”
Her students agree. One young man with a patent for an unbreakable umbrella is walking proof of Mclean’ statement. “If I had not heard the story of the windshield wiper’s invention,” said Tommy Lee, a senior physics major, “I never would have dreamed of turning my bad experience during a rainstorm into something so constructive.” Lee is currently negotiating to sell his patent（专利）to an umbrella producer.
So, just what is the story behind the windshield wiper? Well, Mary Anderson came up with the idea in 1902 after a visit to New York City. The day was cold and stormy, but Anderson still wanted to see the sights, so she jumped aboard a streetcar. Noticing that the driver was struggling to see through the snow covering the windshield, she found herself wondering why there couldn’t be a built-in device for cleaning the window. Still wondering about this when she returned home to Birmingham, Alabama, Anderson started drafting out solutions. One of her ideas, a lever（操作杆）on the inside of a vehicle that would control an arm on the outside, became the first windshield wiper.
Today we benefit from countless inventions and innovations. It’s hard to imagine driving without Garrett A. Morgan’s traffic light. It’s equally impossible to picture a world without Katherine J. Blodgett’s innovation that makes glass invisible. Can you picture life without clear windows and eyeglasses?
38. By mentioning “traffic light” and “windshield wiper”, the author indicates that countless inventions are _____________.
A. beneficial, because their inventors are famous
B. beneficial, though their inventors are less famous
C. not useful, because their inventors are less famous
D. not useful, though their inventors are famous
39. Professor Joan Mclean’s course aims to ____________.
A. add colour and variety to students’ campus life
B. inform students of the windshield wiper’s invention
C. carry out the requirements by Mountain University
D. prepare students to try their own invention
40. Tommy Lee’s invention of the unbreakable umbrella was _________.
A. not eventually accepted by the umbrella producer
B. inspired by the story behind the windshield wiper
C. due to his dream of being caught in a rainstorm
D. not related to Professor Joan McLean’s lectures
41. Which of the following can best serve as the title of this passage?
A. How to Help Students to Sell Their Inventions to Producers?
B. How to Design a Built-in Device for Cleaning the Window?
C. Shouldn’t We Know Who Invented the Windshield Wiper?
D. Shouldn’t We Develop Invention Courses in Universities?
We live in a time when technology has enabled everyone to be a journalist, yet not everyone has the proper training. Whether out of ignorance or out of a sense of honor, some of the journalism online has done a better job of changing public opinion than showing the whole truth.
Two recent stories are perfect reminders of the difference between the urge to change minds and basic journalism ethics（道德规范）.
“A college kid took some birds from a nearby tree and was sentenced to 10 years in prison,” went a recent online headline from the Chinese Internet. The accompanying vote showed that 85 percent of respondents sided with the student. Some joked that most boys would be guilty of such a crime because everyone had stolen birds when they were children.
Left out of the original report was the fact that the birds in question were falcons, which are on the nation’s list of protected, endangered species. Birdwatchers also said that it was unlikely Yan Xiaotian, the 21-year-old defendant, had found the 12 birds in one tree. For this particular species, he had to search a much larger area.
For me, the most important questions are: Did he know it was illegal before he took the birds and did he know that before he sold them?
Follow-up reporting has found that the evidence showed that Yan knew what he was doing. The only point of uncertainty is the very first time he took the first birds when he could be unaware of their status and value. As a matter of fact, the prosecutor（检察官） started out asking for a light punishment, but took a U-turn when data from Yan’s cell phone clearly showed that he had stolen them.
The punishment, while sounding harsh（残酷的）, followed the law almost to the letter. The court has since said it would review the case, a sign of giving in to public pressure.
Let’s look at the second story, which can be read as either “Elderly man had to walk in his shorts for hours in Sanya after his bike was taken by the city’s quasi-police” or “Retired official illegally parked his bike for a swim and made the city apologize and fire a low-paid city management staff member”.
Both played up different parts of the same story. For me, Bi Guochang’s age and former official title are not relevant to the case. The key is whether he indeed parked his bike illegally and whether proper procedures were being followed by taking it away and making him get it back. Yet the reports focused on the image of an old man walking only in his shorts. He could have phoned his family for backup（支持）or taken a taxi home first before complaining, as most would do in that situation.
Such stories read like badly-written morality tales, with everything in black and white and a simple yes-or-no message. Real life is much more complicated. Reporters have to be neutral and avoid taking sides too early.
42. Why was Yan Xiaotian sentenced to 10 years in prison?
A. He took some birds from a nearby tree.
B. He searched a much larger area for birds.
C. He illegally took some falcons and sold them.
D. He took 12 birds without knowing they were falcons.
43. According to the passage, the writer implied that _________. .
A. the judges should still follow the law strictly
B. the punishment was too much for the student
C. the student didn’t get fair treatment from the judges
D. the court will resentence the student
44. The writer mentioned the second story to show that _________. .
A. the reports focused on the appearance of Bi Guochang rather than the truth
B. the journalists expressed their sympathy for the elderly person
C. the local officers didn’t follow proper procedures when they dealt with Bi’s case
D. the city’s quasi-police were to blame for Bi’s troubles
45. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. There is an urgent need to improve current journalism ethics.
B. Everyone can be a good journalist even without proper training in journalism.
C. Journalists should remain neutral and have basic ethics.
D. Journalists can change the public’s opinions.
Exam taking is a tiring process. 46 Sometimes you have to pay much attention to the books and try to put everything into your brain. Other times, though, you just don’t know what to do with the loads of lessons to study about. Here are some tips on better preparing for a test.
First you should motivate yourself. 47 Give yourself some positive goals, like setting the mood (情绪)for it. After all, if you are not emotionally prepared, you wouldn’t expect yourself to be mentally and physically prepared for the test as well.
48 Doing this can be useful especially if you have lots of concepts to remember. Every day make it a point to memorize at least ten terms or ideas. As the days succeed, all ten concepts for every item you have mastered.
If you have the materials, try to summarize them by listing down what you know in key points.
49 Reread your notes and try to recall(回忆起)how they were discussed by your professor. Look for a review partner because studying by yourself might eventually result in laziness.
Remember that reviewing allows you to recount the lessons and process them more systematically. Give yourself enough time in studying, and beat the nervousness. 50
A. Reviewing is useless if your heart is not into it.
B. It will help you find test-taking techniques.
C. Preparing for it is even more challenging
D. After motivating yourself, check how reliable your memory is.
E. You might find it more comfortable studying in the library than at your own home.
F. When you know you have studied well, you wouldn’t have to worry about taking the test.
G. It not only tests your skill in memory recall, but also judges how well you have been studying.
第二卷 非选择题部分 (共四节, 满分55分)
BEIJING -- China plans to develop micro solid-propellant carrier rockets for commercial(商业的） use 51 (satisfy) growing demands for launching（发射）micro-nano satellites.
China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT) said that its subsidiary company, China Rocket, was in the process of 52 (assess) the plan.
"The micro rockets 53 (speed) up the development of rockets with strong ability, high precision, low cost and a short launch preparation cycle," according to a CALT online statement.
54 (rough) speaking, small solid-propellant rockets have a carrying capacity of 100-500 kilograms. The micro-solid rockets are more flexible and cost-efficient, which is 55 (admire) according to the CALT.
Since it was set up in 1957, the CALT has been China's largest developer and producer of carrier rockets. 56 (absorb) in designing and manufacturing（制造） the Long March carrier rockets, and it has reached the stage 57 it has a good reputation globally.
"The development of micro-solid rockets is 58 important step for China Rocket to build a world-class commercial space company," the CALT said.
According to the CALT, the global demand 59 commercial satellite launches will exceed 10,000, 60 domestic demand will reach 1,000. Many Chinese tech giants also have satellite launch plans.
61.The teacher asked us to obey the rules. But you d____________ disobeyed her.
62. Please keep me i___________ of your latest news.
63. I took up the time admiring my s__________（周围环境）.
64. He was a little worried because he had no p__________experience of this kind of job.
65. He s__________ on the tube until some toothpaste came out.
注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 允许修改10处，多者（从第11处起）不计分。
Mistakes are unavoidable in life. But attitudes towards it may make a difference.
I still remember how my spoken English was improved. In a beginning, I always kept silent in our oral class to avoid make mistakes. Before long my teacher got to know about my situation. He encouraged me to speak out that I thought. Whenever I made mistakes and felt discouraging, my teacher and my classmates would help me figuring out how I could have avoided them. I also joined in an English club to get more chances to speak. Practice made perfect. Now I can talk fluent in English.
Just as the saying goes, “Every bean has its black.” Don’t be afraid making mistakes. Learn from mistakes, and success is just waiting for us.
You have told me that you are very interested in how we Chinese celebrate our traditional festivals．___________________________________________________________________________
第一卷 选择题部分 (满分80分)
第一节 单项填空 (共10小题；每小题1分，满分10分)
1-5 BDCDD 6-10 A AB AC
第二节 完形填空 (共20小题；每小题1.5分，满分30分)
11-15 ACBCD 16-20 DCBAD 21-25 ACBDC 26-30 BBADA
第三部分 阅读理解（共20小题； 满分40分）
31-33CBC 34-37CBDD 38-41BDBC 42-45 CAAC 46-50 CADGF
第二卷 非选择题部分 (满分55分)
51. to satisfy 52.assessing 53.will speed 54.Roughly 55.admirable
56. Absorbed 57.where 58.an 59.for 60.and
61.deliberately 62. informed 63. surroundings 64. previous 65. squeezed
Mistakes are unavoidable in life. But attitudes towards it may make a difference.
I still remember how my spoken English was improved. In a beginning, I always kept silent in our oral the
class to avoid make mistakes. Before long my teacher got to know about my situation. He encouraged me to
speak out that I thought. Whenever I made mistakes and felt discouraging, my teacher and my classmates what discouraged
would help me figuring out how I could have avoided them. I also joined in an English club to get more
chances to speak. Practice made perfect. Now I can talk fluent in English.
Just as the saying goes, “Every bean has its black.” Don’t be afraid making mistakes. Learn from mistakes, of
and success is just waiting for us.
You have told me that you are very interested in how we Chinese celebrate our traditional festivals. With the Spring Festival coming/ approaching, I would like to invite you to join us in the celebration in our school.
A variety of activities will be included at the celebration, such as performances，games and gift-exchanging, which will surely enable you to broaden your horizons and have a better understanding of our culture. To get fully involved, I, together with my classmates, hope that you can put on a performance with us．And I think it will be a good combination of both our culture and yours. By the way, the celebration is scheduled to take place in the school lecture hall from 7: 00p. m. to 10:00p. m. on January 30, 2019.
We would appreciate it if you could squeeze your precious time to come. Don’t hesitate to contact me if you have any further questions. Looking forward to your arrival.
|文章录入：admin 责任编辑：admin |
|【字体：小 大】【发表评论】【加入收藏】【告诉好友】【打印此文】【关闭窗口】 |